Justice is a harmony between the tripartite soul in which reason guides the spirit and appetite. Justice is good in itself and good in its practical ends. Justice is educating desires, implementing the human faculty of reason. A just life leads to harmony, balance, and virtue. This is to what Plato ponders throughout the opening of The Republic and considers the great question amongst his peers.
Since these are tied together, injustice can never exceed these virtues and so justice is stronger and is the good. However, Socrates does not stop there. He goes on to examine the question of the nature of justice and the just life. He identifies the three of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, self discipline.
When we follow this guide of choices can a series of good choices change a vicious character? Aristotle states that the human function is the life activity of the part of the soul that has reason and I will try to explain those reasons. This is the key part of Aristotle’s teachings, being able to take your pleasures and recognition and reflect and glean from them. The magnanimous person is very complex and displays the proper virtues at the proper time, in a proper way. This means you are genuinely inclined to act virtuously for the appropriate reasons.
Paper Assignment 2- Prompt #1 According to Socrates in Plato’s Republic, justice is a virtue that allows the soul to perform its function well. This justice is chosen both for its own sake and its consequences. Every human soul has three parts, a spirit, a reason, and an appetite. When the soul is functioning properly the virtues of that soul is just. Education causes the soul to be moral in nature.
Morality in Education INTRODUCTION “Where there is righteousness in heart, There is beauty in character. Where there is beauty in character, There’s harmony in the home. Where there is harmony in the home, There is order in the nation. Where there is order in the nation, There is peace in the world.” As rightly and beautifully expressed in this old hymn, it all starts with what lies inside of us. When all of us are moral and our deeds are pure, the society automatically becomes harmonious.
Although Plato endorses some feminist ideas, his endorsement of these ideas does not come from the belief that women should be equal to men, but that everyone must play his or her appropriate role. In book five he draws two important cases. He first concludes that if women have the roles that are commonly attributed to men, such as guarding what the men guard, then they must be raised and educated in the same manner. The only difference is that
This attack came in the form of the construction of an ideal society in which justice reigned supreme, since Plato believed justice to be the remedy for curing these evils. After criticizing the conventional theories of justice presented differently by Cephalus, Polymarchus, Thrasymachus and Glaucon, Plato gives us his own theory of justice according to which, individually, justice is a 'human virtue' that makes a person self-consistent and good; socially, justice is a social consciousness that makes a society internally harmonious and good. According to Plato, justice is a sort of specialization. Plato in his philosophy gives very important place to the idea of justice. He used the Greek word "Dikaisyne" for justice which comes very near to the work 'morality' or 'righteousness', it properly includes within it the whole duty of man.
(Slote) To Plato, a good soul lives well. The soul is a part of overall happiness and justice for a person. This person is able to live morally and make decisions that don’t just benefit himself, but to society and the individuals around him. (Lorenz) The goal is to bring a balance to all three parts of the soul. Plato pushes the idea of harmonizing the soul.
Confucius on the other hand, was influenced highly by Aristotle, writing with many similarities, including the practice of virtue of wisdom, courage, and the fact that virtues need to be practiced together. He states that a person can’t be wise without being courageous, and facing the dangers of the search for truth. A person can’t be wise without the danger and of true ideal humanity in self and worth interest. “The wise are active; the authoritative is still”. (Confucius 110) And lastly, a person can’t exercise the virtue of their true self without the understanding of self -truth and choice.
Confucius on the other hand, was influenced highly by Aristotle, writing with many similarities, including the practice of virtue, of wisdom, courage, and the fact that virtues need to be practiced together. He states that a person can’t be wise without being courageous, and facing the dangers of the search for truth. A person can’t be wise without the danger and of true ideal humanity in self and worth interest. “The wise are active; the authoritative is still”. (Confucius 110) And lastly, a person can’t exercise the virtue of their true self without the understanding of self -truth and choice.