Analysis Of Platos Republic And In Plato's Phaedo

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In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death. In conclusion, I will compare Socrates notion of immortality, apply it to his definition of morality and prove a contradiction between the two.
In chapter six of Plato’s Republic, Socrates and Glacuon discuss inner and outer morality. They begin their discussion by defining all things that make a good community. From deciding what makes a good community, they apply their findings to the individual. Socrates begins the argument by stating a good community has wisdom, courage,
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The desire of thirst would urge the individual to fulfill the thirst while the rational would suppress that urge. In comparison to the groups of the community, the rational part of the mind is equivalent to the leaders of the community. It contains the wisdom to determine the good for the individual. The desirous part of the mind, however, represents the majority. An individual has many desires some that influence the rational part of the mind while others are suppressed by the rational. The desirous part obtains the greatest amount of space within the mind as the minorities obtained the greatest number within a community. It kind of elects desires while the rational part decides which desires to act upon. So far Socrates and Glaucon have outlined the two parts of the brain that are equivalent to the mind. The last part they must prove is the defense of the
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