Some of his arguments are on target; however, Fitzhugh seems blinded by his devotion. He contends that slavery is needed and as beneficial to the slave as the master. Fitzhugh stands on the idea of the benevolent master as a father. Subservience alone may allow mutual affection between two people. He likens the familial bonds of a father to the relationship between master and slave.
This is because slaves have thoughts, feelings, and responsibility – he is the same species as his owner yet he cannot escape. Hare says in order to show the wrongfulness of slavery, the world has to see slavery as what is actually is and he conveys this through examples of historical context. Hare’s defense of utilitarianism is that this doctrine is moral reasoning that can be used to show and prove what is wrong with slavery, instead of simply just showing dissent and spouting out cries of unjust.
Darwin’s view that morality stems from evolution is problematic because it means that one can alter their morals to suit their needs, and adopting Nietzsche’s belief of noble morality can be dangerous because doing as one pleases can not only endanger the said person but also society. Unlike Nietzsche, Darwin does not discredit selflessness but instead embraces it. In the Descent of Man, Ch 4: Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals, Darwin states that “we are thus impelled to relieve the sufferings of another, in order that our own painful feelings may be at the same time relieved. In like manner we are led... ... middle of paper ... .... For me, it is as simple as that and it is not a bad thing. Even as an altruistic person who has thousands of hours of volunteer work under her belt, I do it not only because I enjoy helping others and have the resources to do so, but also because it makes me feel like a better person.
When the weaker people - “the slaves” – are wronged by stronger people – “the masters” – they are unable to avenge themselves and instead feel ressentiment towards them. Their hate of the masters takes the form of ressentiment and becomes a strong and dominant emotion which defines their morality. The idea of ressentiment is crucial in the idea of slave morality as it is the cause of it. Nietzsche explains that “in order to come about, slave morality first has to have an opposing, external world”. Slave morality “is basically a reaction” to master morality so it is necessary to discuss master morality in order to understand slave morality.
Shakespeare shows through his island experiment that subjugation, once instituted, seems to perpetuate itself. While the most automatic explanation of this cyclical nature of slavery would be to say that this political rule is continued by the subjugators, the surprising reality is that it is the victim of colonialism who continues the cycle of slavery. Caliban, the native "islander"(2.2.36), despises his condition as a slave. However, in his attempt to disrupt and overthrow the political order instituted on the island by Prospero, Caliban actually provides evidence of the power of slavery over both man and mind. Caliban’s initial attempt to defy Prospero’s power via a verbal curse actually gives Prospero more authority as master in that the curse acknowledges the duke’s ultimate power.
This liberation the people would get from taking control by revolting is only superficial, because your still being brought under another form of slavery. It’s all about the collective, or the state. No more self or individualism. Marx’s strong appeal to emotions helps pull the reader in emotionally. He informs and reminds the reader of the struggles of the modern day slave and the slave in the past, which is historical fact.
What were they trying to accomplish by this? Resistance. In the modern reinterpretation of slavery, considerable attention has been devoted to the subject of slave resistance. Earlier observers argued that such slave characteristics as clumsiness, slovenliness, listleness, destructiveness, and inability to learn indicated racial inferiority. Recent studies of slavery attribute these observed characteristics to the slaves, defiant determination to resist slavery’s worst manifestations and to make the institution as livable as possible.
Slavery in American Society Slavery in American Society focuses in the significance of the world the Slaves made. O. Patterson clearly defines how natal alienation allowed the master to undermine and control his slaves since some of the slaves cultural identities were taken away from them. The master believed that slave management would help keep the slaves loyal to himself and make the slaves a better worker. However, the slaves did manage to form strong personal ties to assure themselves of who they were culturally. There were many significant ways that shaped the slaves' world, such as religion, spirituals, family life and conjure.
The Benevolent Master I. The black identity during the nineteenth century in America was one based on a position of inferiority. The inferiority of slaves to their masters was expressed in several different ways, but all were designed to secure a dependent relationship of the slave to the master. Masters often viewed their slaves as deserving of a moral or religious upbringing, and saw themselves as responsible for completing this task. Paternalism transformed the relationship of slave and master into one of child and parent.
The balance of power was beginning to shift as the antebellum South’s dependence on free labor economically tied their existence to the heinous practice of owning slaves. Slavery was in many ways a dream come true for southern culture in its ability to relieve the issue of finding labor and keeping costs low, but this inhumane practice became the downfall of the antebellum South in how its practice became so common in its culture that it became more of an economic addiction. Their entire economy was seemingly tied to this need for free labor under the impression that slavery was there to stay, shamefully allowing the gruesome, inhumane, nature of slavery to transcend societal values to the point of widespread acceptance. This accepting culture marked the downfall of the antebellum South.