It took fourteen months, military reinforcements, and further abuse from Great Britain until finally, the 13 colonies declared to chase after their independence. At issue were political and practical concerns. Upper class colonists often feared that the lower class colonists would gain too much power through the revolution. Middle class colonists could not afford to see their businesses and livelihood continue to plummet due to trade restrictions. However, every class of the colonists agreed that King George the 3rd and Parliament denied them representative government and their natural rights.
After long nights and many debates the forefather's agreed upon drafting a new Constitution that would hold strong for future generations. The Constitution would provide a set of checks and balances to limit the new branches of the government and also contain a Bill of Rights that defined the most basic of rights for the people of America. Thirteen British colonies had asserted and established their their independence because they declared the form of government under which they had been living was destructive of their 'unalienable rights' of 'life , liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.' (Farrand, 1913) After much mistreatment by the British government the colonists of America became weary of their leaders. During the Second Continental Congress the Declaration of Independence was drafted.
On May 25, 1787 in a State House in Philadelphia, fifty-five delegates from twelve out of the thirteen colonies re-united, in efforts to modify the ineffective Articles of Confederation. This meeting was called the Continental Convention of 1787. After the Articles of Confederation, it was clear that a unicameral legislature was not going to uphold the needs of all the states, to maintain and unify them. Many ideas arose to offer a solution for the controversial debate on how many representatives each state should have in the U.S. Congress. The ... ... middle of paper ... ...lem, Thomas R. “Sherman’s Great Compromise: Roger Sherman’s brilliant proposal saved the 1787 Constitutional Convention from a hopeless deadlock and safeguarded against centralization of power at the federal level.” The New American.
The constitutional convention began in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787. The thirteen colonies involved at the time we ruled under the Articles of Confederation. The articles however became weak had flaws that the founding fathers noticed quickly with the states appearing to have individual power. On September 14, 1786 a meeting was established that gave out a call for the upcoming grand convention. Attendance was a huge issue in congress.
The Independence Hall had earlier seen the recruiting of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the Articles of Confederation. The meeting immediately discarded the idea of amending the Articles of Confederation and set about drawing up a new arrangement of government. Groundbreaking war conqueror George Washington, a delegate from Virginia, was elected convention president. During an exhaustive debate, the delegates invented a brilliant federal organization characterized by an complicated system of checks and balances. The convention was divided over the issue of state representation in Congress, as more-populated states sought compara... ... middle of paper ... ...fication debate; these essays were signed with the alias Publius, taken from Publius Valerius Poplicola, a man who supposedly saved the ancient Roman republic.
The events that took place over the next several months would create the United States Constitution. Going down in history as a revolutionary form of government, the U.S. Constitution would give life to a country that is still running strong over 200 years later. In May 25, 1787 fifty-five delegates gathered at the Pennsylvania State house in Philadelphia,
At the end of the debate, the House had passed twelve proposed amendments from Madison. Within the Virginia Constitutional Committee, Madison drafted and help established the Bill of Rights through the First Congress (p.53, Ellis). The Bill of Rights later on became amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Articles of Confederation was in need of a... ... middle of paper ... ...o pay off the debts to Britain. Madison did not like the Jay Treaty and he debated in it.
Why did the Americans select the constitutional order they did in 1787-1789, and why did they reject a more democratic and confederal form not more than a decade old? In 1787, twenty-nine delegates convened in Philadelphia to tweak the Articles of Confederation. Some delegates, however, arrived with the intention of creating a completely new constitution. James Madison proposed the Virginia Plan, a plan which advocated a balanced, three-branch method of government with a bicameral, or two-house, Congress. In contrast, William Paterson submitted the New Jersey Plan which merely amended the Articles by giving the federal government more power.
The Articles set up the first legislative system that unified the thirteen states that battled in the American Revolution. A major theme that was discussed in the essays centers around the idea that the United States could not continue to endure under the Articles of Confederation and the weaknesses that accompany it. The Articles gave states the authority to create their own laws, however they were unsuccessful in creating a strong government. The essay suggested that immediate action be taken to prevent the impending anarchy that would ensue under these Articles. Philosophers that shaped and influenced the Federalist include Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu and John Locke.
In cooperation with James Madison and John Jay, Hamilton wrote fifty one of eighty five essays under the joint title The Federalist “The Federalist Paper.” In the essays, he cunningly explained and defended the newly drafted Constitution prior to its approval. In 1788, at the New York Ratification Convention, two thirds of delegates opposed the Constitution, however Hamilton was a powerful advocate for ratification, effectively arguing against the anti Federalist persuasion. His efforts succeeded when New York agreed to ratify, which led the remaining eight states to follow. He had a proposal for the new government that was modeled on the British system, which Hamilton considered the best. Federalists such as Hamilton supported ratification.