Economic homeostasis is unrealistic, particularly when it comes to maintaining such a system as leveling and socialism go against people’s genetic programming. Conservatives, like Burke and Tocqueville, believe strongly in the principle of variety within a society. In order for a civil society to thrive, a healthy degree of diversity must be maintained; orders and classes should be found within the system as well as differences in lifestyles and many other types of economic inequalities. Conservatives held that the only true form of equality that existed could be found before god and in a court of law; any other attempts at levelling contribute directly to social stagnation, or worse. Society demands honesty and a certain degree of capability from its leaders; and if the natural order or institution of society is trifled with, inequality will find a way to rear its head again through a new leader(s).
He theorized that the soul was divided into three parts: appetite, spirit, and reason. Reason, being the most important, should rule over the other two. In cases where spirit and appetite did rule over reason, Plato diagnosed that an imperfect society would be created, thus influencing individuals who contribute to the unjust society. The only way to fix this problem is for an elite group known as the Guardians to arise through education. The Guardians would be able to justly rule society without the greed for power, creating the perfect society.
Mencius specifically thought that government should be responsible for their people, especially that profit should not be talked about before the concerns of the people. Mencius included the well-field system in his philosophy, which provided people with the ability to provide for themselves in a sufficient manner. Legalists like Han Fei Tzu believed that government was the way to correct people and that a rule through power and punishment would be able to create order and control during a warring time. He especially believes that scholars and education were the source of loss of control, due to the way in which education could lead to separation of one’s loyalty to the state (aka central government). As made self-evident, the attitudes, which Confucius, Mencius, and Han Fei Tzu maintain towards the ideas of education, rituals and government, shape the overall philosophies of each.
He thinks that rulers lie to their citizens to make them believe that they can move into other social classes. They do this to make people want to work harder so that they can move, which in returns creates a just society. In this passa... ... middle of paper ... ...e guiding others in the right direction. He thinks the biggest way that we can help people is to educate them. When we learn what right and what is wrong we are able to have an ideal society where everyone is helping each other.
These themes ranged from human nature to military force and most importantly virtue. Machavelli believed that the state is the highest achievement of man and one should love the state more than his own soul. Being the perfect prince is clearly a difficult task, but if done correctly, it can be very rewarding. Machiavelli also believed that human nature does not change. In general Machiavelli thought people were ungrateful, selfish, and insincere people, who only care about themselves.
Instead of holding power and forcing rules, Lao-Tzu wishes to teach simplicity, patience, and compassions. He views the latter as "the greatest treasures" and if one has the three qualities, one will be a better person. Although similarities between Machiavelli and Lao-Tzu may be difficult to detect, their views are both very extreme. Machiavelli believes that the prince should have total control and do anything to gain power; however, Lao-Tzu desires a political system in which everything runs its own course.
George Will and G.D.H. Cole both reject individualism of liberalism and agree that a political system where the society is placed above the individual, communitarianism, is the proper way to produce a better society. Both agree that shared values in a community is essential in order to “bind people together into a strong, mutually supportive society” (Ball, 320). However, Will’s Conservatism approach differs greatly to that of Cole’s Guild Socialism in how they view the essence of human nature, its approach to perfectibility, and the role in which State applies to creating a communitarian society. Will argues that human nature is fundamentally flawed and it is up to a strong State in order to educate the people of communitarian fundamentals.
Kant believed that we as hum... ... middle of paper ... ... feel beneath you to uplift ones self. If one was born into the noble they were sanctioned a virtuous good life, the ignoble were condemned from the beginning based purely by the division of labels and the power of words. Nietzsche believed that we should have the ability, the freedom to make our own choices socially. He felt that all individuals should be free to form their own moral compass system. He was clearly against religion and the fear mongrel mentality to control ones choices and dictation over what was deemed moral.
Rousseau’s Ideal Government is destined to Degenerate into a Totalitarian Regime. According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the main problem of modern societies is that they do not promote equality and freedom. He strongly believes that the only way to avoid this problem is to create a government based on the “general will”, because only through the pursuing of a common good, a state is able to guarantee freedom and equality to everybody. Therefore, Rousseau’s ideal government is a directed democracy, where people are deciding the laws and obeying to them. In order to do so, people need to be educated to a common civic sense.
By criticizing the laws and politics that humans follow, flaws will be noticed therefore a need for social change will be recognized. Marx believes that for our society to work properly everyone should be viewed as equal. If there exists no social classes and large institutions dictating our actions, society will then be able to flourish. Ultimately, Marx views man as an extremely powerful being. He recognizes that since the people were powerful enough to create a social institution as powerful as religion, we must be capable of being strong enough to forget about religion entirely.