We were meant to follow a certain believe, that's what makes us who we are. For example, in Moliere's Tartuffe, Tartuffe acted in the name of every ethical belief imaginable, yet lived by not one of them. Tartuffe was without a doubt a man of nonexistent morality. Which better proves my point, "people are born with morals." Just as some people are born to be leaders, people are also born to live as honest ethical human beings.
After studying many different ethical schools of thought, I have further affirmed, for myself at least, that Ethical Egoism is the best and most natural personal philosophy to follow. While the principles of most other philosophies and ethics are not horrible or absurd, they are not as fitting as the principles and teachings of ethical egoism and Niccolo Machiavelli. As humans, we should accept the realization that we are all pursuing our wants, desires, and pleasures. This is not a shameful or wrong thing, it is only natural. We, as humans, simply wish to lead a good life, and the best component of a good life is achieving our desires and goals.
Believing in a higher power would give the objectivist the moral truth he needs for guidance. The idea of a superior being that created everything and guided the way a person lives his life could be used to defend this ethical objective principle. Exodus 20:17 says “you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.” This example shows how the ethical objectivist looks at a higher power for guidance in living a moral life. For the objectivist, there is no gray area. God determined that it is morally wrong to commit adultery.
No other ethical system which we have looked at so far has any higher power that they abide to. The only reason a relativist might do good is because it would be following in the context of a certain culture. The egoist does good because they will either feel bad if they don’t or are motivated by doing right in order to not face the consequences of doing wrong. A utilitarian will do good because it may benefit the greater number of people. A Divine-Command theorist has someone to keep them accountable and a reason to do good, not only because God commands us to, but also it is for our own sake.
By following the rules I mean someone who in the eyes of the majority is morally sound. Having strong morals is what I believe the key is to an ethical person. On the other side of the definition of ethical is defining it as having inside oneself the desire to do what’s right over what is wrong. When we speak about someone who is ethical this desire is one that is not dependent on external forces i.e. no one can sway an ethical person’s mindset.
Moreover, ethical integrity begins from headship, which can result in ethical behavior Integrity is an essential quality that everyone should have because it is an act of being honest and trustworthy in all aspects of life. In conjunction with integrity are ethics, which involves a specific purpose and conduct. In other words, when people say one thing and does another is not an act of ethical integrity because their intention does not support their expressions. According to Ruggiero (2008), “ethics is the study of right and wrong conduct and is built on consequences” (p. 2). The following characterizations are based on ethical integrity: temperament, obligation, and consequences.
Both men demonstrated moral courage even though their positions on the issue of social justice were polar opposites. Moral courage can be found anywhere and be demonstrated by anyone regardless of their views. Moral courage is the act of upholding your beliefs and views, even if people think they are wrong. According to dictionary.com, these morals are, “of, pertaining to, or concerned with the principles or rules of right conduct or the distinction between right and wrong; ethical.” Individuals’ morals, however, depend on their view of the world and their outlook on events. Anyone can demonstrate moral courage as long as they truly support their views with consistent actions, and they steadfast to them.
From the origin of Western philosophical thought, there has been an interest in moral laws. As Hume points out in the Treatise, "morality is a subject that interests us above all others" (David Hume "A Treatise of Human Nature'). Originally, thoughts of how to live were centered on the issue of having the most satisfying life, with "virtue governing one's relations to others" (J.B. Schneewind 'Modern Moral Philosophy'). However, the view that there is one way to live that is best for everyone and the view that morality is determined by God, came to be questioned, and it is this that led to the emergence of Modern moral philosophy. The moral debates continued to see good as merely that which gives happiness or pleasure.
It is obvious that Huck is the hero of Huckleberry Finn, for many reasons. Huck’s commitment to good morals and a strong person make him an unforgettable character. By not giving in and standing his ground Huck remains pure in thoughts. The way he treats others and causes no harm to other beings makes him pure in actions. Huck could have been 180 degrees different due to all the things he was put through as a child and young adult, but no.
Ethical behavior involves demonstrating respect for key moral principles which includes honesty, fairness, diversity as well as individual rights. I believe that ethical behavior is very important within our society because every relationship of any kind must be built on trust in order to survive. There are many purposes of ethics; as it shows that one cannot do without ethics in their lives. Without ethics there would be no need to decide between right and wrong and there would be utter chaos within the world. Most people do not really understand the full importance of ethical thinking; there may be a different code of ethics throughout society but nevertheless the purpose remains the same.