Analysis Of Kate Pease 's Chapter On Human Rights And Humanitarian Issues

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The purpose of this paper is to provide a reflection of the readings on Kelly-Kate Pease’s chapter on Human Rights and Humanitarian Issues, and Jussi M. Hanhimaki’s chapter on Rights and Responsibilities: Human Rights to Human Security. This paper will provide a textual summary, critical analysis and will incorporate recent news on human rights issues. Pease first discusses refugee issues, including the definition of a refugee under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. Under the 1951 Convention, a refugee is defined as someone who has a “well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership to a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, unwilling” to return to his/her country of nationality (Pease, p. 264). Pease further discusses the limitation of the definition of a refugee as it does not include those fleeing conflicts, dictatorship, or due to famine or drought. However, Pease also discusses how the UNHCR has gone beyond its official mandate to support in refugee like situations, such as during unrest in Asian and decolonization process in Africa in which millions of people where on the move. Furthermore, Pease and Hanhimaki discuss the major human rights agreements; the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Pease acknowledges that while the United States and other western countries were in favour of the ICCPR while the Soviet Union and other developing countries supported the ICESCR. This nature of prioriti... ... middle of paper ... ... key arguments in the realm of human rights and the role of the ICC. However, they fall short of providing further analysis to the challenges the ICC will face in the future, including the withdrawal of membership from developing countries. Not having the United States as a member of the Court and developing countries ignoring calls from ICC to cooperate, the Court will need to go through major reforms to maintain its relevance. The African Unions had called for the ICC to cancel its arrest warrant of Sudan’s Al-Bashir and as result of the increased pressure and lack of cooperation by African states, the ICC cancelled its warrant against Al-Bashir (Sudan Tribune, 2015). This demonstrates that despite Pease’s argument that the ICC has proved to be effective in many aspects, its failure to bring war criminals to justices is an example of the need for major reforms.

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