Karawo refers to traditional embroidery passed down from generation to generation since the 17th century, in 1713. The term Karawo was originally from the word Mokarawo which means to cut. These words are the origin of the naming of the artwork in which the fabric is cut to remove some layers of the thread of the fabric that will be used as the base material.
Some previous studies reveal that the lighting intensity in the work environment of Karawo artisans is below the standard of the Regulation of the Ministry of Manpower Number 7 of 1964 on Health, Cleanliness, and Interior Lighting in the Workplace. The regulation states that the lighting condition for the workplace in Indonesia is generally similar to the International Standard of the…show more content… Among 71 women artisans working in the Karawo entrepreneurship, the range of the artisans’ age is 20 to 39 years age. Such a range of age is considered as the most productive period for artisans which are stated in the Act of the Ministry of Manpower Number 13 of 2003 considering that 15 to 60 years age is the productive ages for artisans. The years of service for most of the Karawo artisans range from five to 25 years with 13 years as the average working years. In such years, a person has obtained a lot of experiences, knowledge, and therefore can be regarded as a skilful artisan due to the insight in Karawo embroidery. By that, such an artisan has fully adapted to the situation in the workplace.
Two hours of working are the average duration for the artisan in embroidering Karawo. The working duration is based on the total order of Karawo embroidery, the more the order from the customer, the longer the working hours for an artisan, and vice versa. Embroidering a Karawo is a repeated process of cutting and removing layers of fabrics which require the artisans to extremely focus on the object. Therefore, artisans with longer working hours in a day are prone to suffer from…show more content… Furthermore, 26 percent of the artisans working less than two weeks suffer from acute eye strain while chronic eyestrain occurs to those (45 percent) who work for more than two weeks. An intense use of eyes in the Karawo embroidery, due to the fact that the process requires high accuracy to work on small and soft materials is the contributing factor of the problem. This will get worse if the lighting condition in the working environment is not sufficient to support the work of the artisans. The subjective issue of the Karawo artisans is in line with several studies on artisans, such as on Karawo artisans (Reni, 2000), employees who work with computers (Sheddy, 2003), primary and secondary teachers in Hongkong (Elaine, 2010), and call centre staffs of a bank (Yen-Hui, Chih-Yong, Wei-Hsien, and Yu-Chao, 2010).
The results reveal that all the respondents do not show any symptoms of eyestrain before working; however, there are reports regarding health problems in all respondents (100 percent), e.g., headache, eye irritation, blurring of the vision, and another discomfort around their eyes after working. Furthermore, 26 percent of the artisans working less than two weeks suffer