Analysis Of James Oakes The Ruling Race

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In James Oakes, the Ruling Race, the author tackles many of the toughest questions that arose in southern history. In the Ruling Race, Oakes argues against Eugene Genovese ' American slavery 's ideology of paternalism. The author believes that paternalism died by the end of the colonial era and as a result, there came new slaveholders who were diverse, and influenced by the materialistic buildup in the South due to their search for economic opportunity. Oakes views most slave owners as greedy capitalists who embraced the marketplace. When Oakes says “the ideology and culture of slaveholding were not fully developed when Americans declared their independence from Great Britain” (p.34) we see that paternalism is viewed by Oakes as a superior force that was caused due to the American Revolution. The difference between the slaveholding population and the planters is attacked by the author towards Genovese and his ideas of paternalism and anti-capitalistic views. The author states that the desire to expand and prosper was a capitalistic view, which resulted ending the mythology of the paternalistic planter. Oakes portrays the diverse groups that were present within the slave owning class. Oakes argues that…show more content…
The average slaveholder was a =capitalist continually on the move and trying to improve one’s self. Slaves were a commodity to be used, as were the slaveholders ' democratic politics and the expansion south and westward in the United States. The differences between North and South were less prominent than the similarities. The master-slave relationship made the South different. Southerners enslaved black people, while white Americans from North embraced anti-black racism. There was a constant tension characterized through slavery between slaves and masters. Slaves made the world of the masters and constantly threatened to unmake
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