Analysis Of Immanuel Kant's Groundwork To The Motive Of Duty

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Immanuel Kant’s “Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals” answers the question of, where does the moral value or worth of an action reside by stating the only thing that can be completely good is a good will itself. He voices that even good moral acts and good moral things can have a negative result. Good will is a formal law like how gravity is a law, in order to have a good-willed society, everyone must obey this moral, universal law. The specific requirements of good will are performed by duties, these duties are designed to attain, “this notion that always holds the highest esteem in estimating the value of our actions” (Kant, 116). “The Motive of Duty” examines to accomplish duties, people have to be motivated by what is morally right…show more content…
It has to be applied universally and it’s the formula of humanity. By giving false promise is an example of violating this moral law because if someone lies to get out of a life or death situation some may think that’s right but others may believe that lying can lead to greater consequences in the future. This demonstrates that lying can never be a universal law because if everyone gave false promises, there wouldn’t be a thing such as a promise. The goodness of a person cannot stem from acting on impulse or natural inclination. Kant supposes the act of a person who overcomes a lack of sympathy for other people out of respect for duty has moral worth, whereas the act of a person who naturally takes pleasure in spreading joy does not. Kant articulates that in this statement, “That it is an estimation of the worth which far outweighs all worth of what is recommended by inclination, and that the necessity of acting from pure respect for the practical law is what is what constitutes duty.” (Kant, 120). Overall Kant believes that a person 's moral worth is therefore greater if their will doesn’t come from a…show more content…
(Held, 146). Since most of the moral theories were created and designed for men, the feminist perception hasn’t been included in these moralities. The idea of that women are considered natural, born care givers, and that somewhat their actions aren’t brought about moral choice or what is morally important to do so. According to Virginia Held, the feminist moral theory are by fused together these core commitments: “Men’s domination of women should end; women are entitled to equal rights; the moral experience of women is important as that of men.” (Held, 146). The major features of an ethics of care are valued relationships between persons and empathetic understandings. The care of ethics is new approach to morality based on the experience of caring and being cared for and a reflection of the values involved. On the other hand, the features of an ethic to justice are valued rational action in accord with abstract principles. Justice shouldn’t be overlooked because it chooses the moral decisions and outcomes in
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