Analysis Of Friedrich Nietzsche And Charles Darwin

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Friedrich Nietzsche and Charles Darwin are two influential thinkers who posited compelling arguments about morality. The two philosophers rejected the traditional Christian teachings, but their stance on morality differs considerably. However, the two differing opinions require a closer examination and analysis due to the complex but yet interesting nature of their arguments. Darwin offers a provocative analysis of the evolution of human morality and concludes that morals (especially empathy and sympathy), which comes from experiences, were critical to human development and survival. On the other hand, Nietzsche disagrees and literally deconstructs the accepted understanding of morality (slave morality) and deems it irrelevant. He proposes the idea of noble morality, which is doing as one desires, over slave morality, which is saying no to the self and practicing selfless love. Nietzsche finds it problematic because it makes humans weaker and prevents creativity from flourishing. Although both Darwin and Nietzsche raised pivotal points in regards to morality, there are a number of flaws in their arguments. Darwin’s view that morality stems from evolution is problematic because it means that one can alter their morals to suit their needs, and adopting Nietzsche’s belief of noble morality can be dangerous because doing as one pleases can not only endanger the said person but also society.
Unlike Nietzsche, Darwin does not discredit selflessness but instead embraces it. In the Descent of Man, Ch 4: Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals, Darwin states that “we are thus impelled to relieve the sufferings of another, in order that our own painful feelings may be at the same time relieved. In like manner we are led...

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.... For me, it is as simple as that and it is not a bad thing. Even as an altruistic person who has thousands of hours of volunteer work under her belt, I do it not only because I enjoy helping others and have the resources to do so, but also because it makes me feel like a better person. That’s selfishness in its self. As for Nietzsche, I do not understand his utter negation of slave morality. I do understand his position that slave morality can mask growth but it is not always a negative thing. I felt that Nietzsche depicted a one-sided image of slave morality, instead of finding the good qualities within and there are plenty. And the whole concept of noble morality seems too good to be true. I believe that people who adopt noble morality will have a difficult time “doing as they please” in today’s society because there are consequences for certain actions.
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