Known as one of America’s most reclusive poets, there has always been an air of mystery surrounding Emily Dickinson and her ambiguous, often dark poetry. Dickinson’s poems are characterized by her use of morbid diction and extensive use of punctuation; namely, dashes. Analysis of Dickinson’s poems There’s a Certain Slant of Light, I Felt a Funeral in my Brain, and The First Day’s Night had come, highlight her style choices and how they contribute to the recurring themes of death and madness that dominate her poetry. By studying Dickinson’s writing process and stylistic choices, it is clear she suffered from seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and bipolar disorder which is reflected in her poetry.
The term “bipolar disorder” did not come about until 1980 when it appeared in the third revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM III) (Krans & Cherney, 2016). Therefore, even if Dickinson did suffer from bipolar disorder, it would have been impossible to diagnose her as such, because…show more content… This poem includes the theme of death, but also shows the transition from Dickinson’s depressed phase into her manic phase. In the first two stanzas of the poem, the speaker describes “mourners” processing into a funeral and the monotony of the funeral itself (Dickinson, n.d.a). The structure of the first two stanzas is similar, beginning with the mourners “walking to and fro” and “treading-treading” (Dickinson, n.d.a). The emphasis of walking and the repetition of the word “treading,” like the previous poem, highlights the monotony of the scene (Dickinson, n.d.a). This reflects how people with depression tend to “go through the motions without any enthusiasm” (Man & Martin, 2012). Instead of completing tasks mindfully and enjoying what they are doing, a person experiencing a depressive episode is more likely to only do what they need to do to get