He “shunned any role as a crude purveyor of imperial propaganda” but the narrative itself and the intentional use of symbolic elements tied the Augustan reign back to Rome’s legendary foundation. Regardless of his intentions, his great literary work, which would become an integral book in Roman education, was immensely pro-Augustus, and the Aeneid worked in the emperor’s favor as a medium for his cultural, social, and political agenda. The incorporation of historic enemies, such as Carthage, traditional values, such as pater familias, religiosity, from Apollo to Jupiter, and duty, from founding cities to maintaining an empire, worked harmoniously to create a picture of stability and prosperity under Augustus. He was quite literally a promised leader, as depicted on a shield crafted by a god illustrating Rome’s future, and such passages, even if used to relate past and present events, served as propaganda. Virgil’s epic epitomized the restored cultural identity Augustus pursued through social and legislative means, and worked successfully to instill a sense of nationalism in his imperial
By now, Tiberius, Augustus' adopted son, became the second emperor of the Roman Empire. Much like other emperors, Tiberius assumed the designation of "Augustus" in addition to his own.Augustus Caesar was not only the first emperor of Rome, but the greatest. He was one of the great administrative geniuses of history. He brought Rome from constant civil war into the golden age of Rome, also known as Pax Romana. And Pax Romana did not end when he died, it kept going until near the last emperor to carry the name Caesar.
The Greek and Roman spirit influenced the book Aeneid in many ways. Virgil made Aeneas' behavior such that he was fully qualified to be called a Roman hero. Aeneas reflected very few Greek traits. He was very much the "Roman hero. "Greek heroes were very different from Roman heroes.
In Sabine Grebe’s article, Grebe explains the significance of a ruler’s power and his ancestors. A ruler’s power depended on his ancestors, as “a Roman official had to act within the boundary of authority established by the ancestors” (Grebe 36). In ancient Rome the law was second to tradition.1 Ancestors of rulers establish not only the extent of Caesar’s rule, but also how he ought to rule. Consequently, Virgil is making Augustus a more powerful ruler by displaying Aeneas as powerful leader. However, even while Virgil pleases Augustus by making his rule more legitimate, he also establishes Aeneas as leader of pietas, causing the people of Rome to expect the same morals and virtues that Aeneas shows from Augustus.
Virgil’s Aeneid reflects the historical vision of Rome. Virgil, through Aeneid, strives to portray the origins of Rome, a grand empire that conquered almost half of the living world. To achieve his purpose, Virgil connects the political and social situation of his own day with the inherited tradition of the Greek gods and heroes. Virgil describes Roman historical vision as the rebirth of a civilization: one that exemplifies fortitude and regression. For example, in the Aeneid Venus’s father says, “Your son will wage a great war in Italy, crush barbarous nations, and set up laws and city walls for his own people” (Virgil, 9).
The ancient Roman Culture created art that was set on cultural value, religious beliefs, as well as technological achievements. He stated, “Roman art is art that brings diverse elements together to produce something entirely new, with a powerful message-bearing potential, which led to Rome’s extraordinary successful expansion.” Roman did not believe, as we do today, that to have a copy of an artwork was any less that to have the original. It is also true that many Romans duplicated versions of famous Greek works from earlier centuries; this is why we often have marble versions of lost Greek Bronzes such as the Doryphoros by Polykleitos. An example Caesar used was Augustus of Primaporta from the Imperial Roman time period. This life sized marble sculpture-in-the-round was possibly a Roman copy of a statue from the Greeks.
Using this as a first name is essentially the definition of propaganda. Next, Caesar, a name used by his father, was recycled to become more of a distinctive title. Divi Filius means “son of the deified”, a reference to his now holy father (*). The entirety of this name change defined what Octavian (Augustus) thought of himself, and what he desired the Roman people to think. He was great, grand, and the start of something
Aeneas, the hero is simply a personification of the most respected Roman virtues. Aeneas a man marked by his pietas. Aeneas is send on a mission from the gods to found what will be the greatest empire in the world, Rome. Aeneas, chasing his destiny which is eventually Romans destiny he show great fortitudes. Aeneas expresses the most important Roman personal qualities and attributes, particularly the Roman sense of duty, Pius beside the ideal characteristic of Romans’ men.
Pompey fled to Egypt and eventually died there. Caesar was victorious at Pharsalus and will now lead Rome as the sole ruler. This is how Pharsalus set the stage for the Roman Empire. The battle at Pharsalus affected the course of history to come. It did this by being one of the first ever civil wars, the first war where both generals took careful care that each respective one was ready for a lengthy war, and set the stage for the Roman Empire to begin.
Brutus's motive for killing Julius Caesar was his fear of Caesar destroying the city of Rome. Mark Antony was a regular Roman citizen, who was good friends with Julius Caesar. After Julius Caesar's death, Marc Antony recited a speech at Julius Caesar's funeral to all the people of Rome. The speech caused the plebeians to destroy everything in sight. It was by his speech that Marc Antony got his revenge towards Brutus and Cassius.