Since these lifestyles are generally not acceptable, homophobia and discomfort of cross dressers exist. Hopkins suggests that educating heterosexuals about homosexuality results in a reduction of homophobia. The idea is to create awareness in the society; these issues just can’t be hid behind and forgotten about, if they are present we have to sit up and take notice. Mr. Hopkins rightly calls such an attitude totally biased. The bias against women is closely related to the bias against homosexuals.
These microaggressions are based on the over sexualization of these two groups, and the idea that one individual in the relationship must take the role of a male in order for it to work. This makes the lesbian or bisexual individual feel sexualized and disrespected, especially when their sex lives are compared to those of porn stars. Bisexual women find themselves being labelled as impulsive, easy and experimental despite their own personal morals. These two sexual orientations are viewed as a tease to men, rather than what they are – sexual orientations. Other the other hand, lesbian and bisexual women are dramatically more at risk of rape, physical violence or stalking by a former partner according to the Californian Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (Walters,
Coming out, regardless of what one is coming out as, is incredibly difficult. An important aspect of accepting ones’ sexuality is the support that one gets from others of the same sexuality. “This support comes not only from loved ones … but also from associating with like-minded others in the gay, lesbians, and bisexual communities” (McLean 63). However, even in a group that’s been discriminated against by heterosexuals, there is an outstanding amount biphobia in the LGBT community. Bisexuals, while technically are included in the LGBT community, often have difficulty fitting in with the rest of the community.
However, that is not the case, sexuality is more fluid and lesbians, like the rest of us, are individuals. The lesbian community is diverse, and stereotypical misunderstandings, much like the ones that exist in the straight community about lesbians, exist among lesbians themselves. In order to fully understand the presented topic some terms need to be defined. Many people do not know the full definition of these terms because they are often misused. First, a butch is usually a lesbian that is masculine, but it can also be used to call either sex masculine.
Those persons who hold traditional gender-role stereotypes have more negative feelings about homosexuality than others (Crooks & Baur, 2013). Another element involved in homophobia and hate crimes may be an attempt to deny or suppress homosexual feelings in oneself (Crooks & Baur, 2013). In a current study done by Blashill and Powlishta they sought out to examine factors that are involved in the negative reactions to gay males. Results indicated significant main effects for gender role and sexual orientation, indicating that males who display femininity, regardless of sexual orientation, are typically viewed negatively (Blashill & Powlishta, 2009). In addition, gay targets are evaluated negatively even in the absence of information about gender role characteristics (Blashill & Powlishta, 2009).
People tend to link homosexuality and bisexuality with sexual behavior. Since we live in a culture that is reluctant to acknowledge any form of open sexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality is slowly becoming a problem. Our society is more accepting of the traditional male or female relationship. However, we fail to notice that people can lead successful and creative lives without having to fit a set pattern. People who feel uncomfortable or uncertain about their sexual orientation or relationships think that going against the norm can be disturbing and intimidating.
As a culture, we put so much pressure on our other to conform to a certain mold. Society seems to be forcing other people to try to measure up in all areas of life, even trying to tell them how to act and how not to act. Those gays and bisexual people living within communities where anti-gay sentiments are not only common, but also accepted, have, on average, a shorter life expectancy in comparison to their peers who are fortunate enough to live in more open-minded communities. A common way of hurting these homosexuals emotionally is through stereotype which then leads to low self-esteem. Homophobia can be used to stigmatize, silence, and, on occasion, target people who are perceived or defined by others as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, but who are in fact heterosexual.
states that “bisexuality is often perceived as an illegitimate and unstable sexual orientation, such that bisexuals are perceived to be confused, experimenting, in transition from a heterosexual to a gay/lesbian identity, or in denial about their true sexual orientation.” This attitude towards bisexuality definitely creates tensions in societies. Furthermore, Feinstein et al. also states “While people have the right to choose what characteristics are important to them when they evaluate potential romantic or sexual partners, a lack of willingness to consider bisexual individuals as potential partners may represent subtle discrimination against bisexuals, especially when such unwillingness is rooted in negative attitudes toward bisexuality.” This “subtle” discrimination has definitely grown since this journal’s published date in August 2016 and only seems to grow. Lastly, Feinstein et al. also discusses about essentialist beliefs about homosexuality which the first addresses why bisexuality is perceived the way it is, that all homosexuals are similar to one another (Feinstein et al.).
This means that many of the same people who are even passionately in favor of homosexual rights oppose homosexuals on this one issue. This is because there is a lot of misunderstanding about what homosexuality really is, as well as the erroneous assumption that homosexual people enjoy the same civil rights protections as everyone else. For the reasons of ending social injustice, the economic and social benefits of allowing homosexuals to marry, and the constitution, homosexual marriages should be a legalized institution. Homosexuals are often treated unjustly socially. Homosexual people and couples are treated as inferior to that of heterosexuals.
At a lesser note, women are described too as sterotypes in masculine terms and are judged lesbian than women described in stereotypically feminine terms In some gender-based judgments of gay people reflect the belief that male homosexuals are similar to female heterosexuals and that female homosexuals are similar to male heterosexuals (e.g., Kite & Deaux, 1987; Storms, Stivers, Lambers, & Hill, 1981). As Kite (1994) has argued, separating gender-role beliefs from attitudes toward homose... ... middle of paper ... ...not want their tough side invaded they way I see it. This was a tought subject to write about, but I felt that the issue of gender with being Gay and Lesbian needed to be written. Works Cited Batson & Burris, 1994; Herek, 1988 Esses, Haddock, & Zanna, 1993 http://www.cpa.ca/cjbsnew/1996/ful_esses.html Herek, 1986b http://en.web-blaster.org/www.lds-mormon.com/hldsss.shtml Kite & Deaux, 1987; Storms, Stivers, Lambers, & Hill, 1981 http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/lablouin/psych200/project_fall01/stereotyping.htm http://www.womenandsociety.buffalo.edu/bibliog/articles/bib/sj-sz.htm Louderback & Whitley, 1997 http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc0.asp?docid=1G1:112247853&refid=ink_puballmags&skeyword=&teaser= Kite and Whitley psychology.ucdavis.edu/Rainbow/ html/poq_2002.pdf Millham, San Miguel, & Kellogg, 1976; Plasek & Allard, 1984 http://www.lesbianinformationservice.org/attrl.htm Whitley, 1987