Analysis Of An Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

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I chose to do an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, commonly known as an ACL injury which involves the skeletal and muscular system. Anybody can receive this injury, especially athletes. This is the most common injury mostly effecting people playing, soccer, football, and basketball. Those sports are most likely to be targeted for this injury. There are three bones in the knee that make that joint: femur, tibia, and patella. The patella which is the kneecap sits in front to provide your joints some protection. Bones that are connected by other bones are linked by ligaments. There are four prime ligaments in the knee: the medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament. All of these ligaments act like strong rubber or ropes to hold all the bones in place to keep the knee together and keep it steady. The collateral ligaments are found on the sides of your knee. The medial collateral ligament is on the inside of the knee while the lateral collateral ligament is found on the outside. These two ligaments control the motion of your knee moving sideways and help to brace it for unstable movement. The cruciate ligaments are found on the inside of the knee joints. These ligaments are right behind the knee cap and crosses like an “X”. The anterior cruciate ligament is in the front and the posterior cruciate ligament in the back. These ligaments control the back and forth movement of the knee. However, the anterior cruciate is significant in the knee. This ligament runs transversely in the middle of the knee. This keeps the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur. The cause of an ACL tear or injury can happen in multiple ways. This is including, changing direction in the ... ... middle of paper ... ...up to fully recover. However, side effects of performing surgery to early can be very damaging. The delay of reconstruction gives the inflammation a chance to resolve itself and the return of motion before surgery. Perform the surgery too early can also result in the risk of arthrofibrosis, or in other words, scar forming in the joint, which would danger a loss of knee motion. Surgical complications can occur resulting in procedure including, infection, blood clot, instability, extensor mechanism failure, which is the rupturing of the graft. Ways to prevent this injury is to commonly wear a knee brace, use proper exercise techniques, like stretching, warming up before doing strenuous exercise involving the knee. Overall, strengthening the ligaments beforehand is always a good thing. In order to keep your ligaments and tendons healthy work them out the correct way.
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