As a federalist Alexander Hamilton wanted to establish a stronger federal government under a new Constitution. He met in Philadelphia with other delegates to discuss how to fix the Articles of Confederation that created a weak central government. During the meeting, Hamilton expressed his view that a dependable current source of revenue would be crucial to develop a more powerful and resilient central government. Although Hamilton played a diminutive part in the writing of the Constitution itself, he did heavily influence its ratification. In cooperation with James Madison and John Jay, Hamilton wrote fifty one of eighty five essays under the joint title The Federalist “The Federalist Paper.” In the essays, he cunningly explained and defended the newly drafted Constitution prior to its approval.
This process does not necessarily include the citizens of the United States and is known as Electoral College. It is the Electoral College that impedes on our nation’s democratic presidential election process and challenges its integrity as well. The Electoral College plays a critical role in the election of the President of the United States of America. First introduced in 1787, the founding fathers implemented this system as a way to ensure a more efficient voting process (Soros). During this time the Electoral College did serve a noble purpose and in fact, was the most efficient way of voting in a time when mass transportation and technology did not exist.
Smaller and particularly rural states are protected by the Electoral College. The number of votes a state is allocated in the Electoral College is determined by adding the number of United States Representatives and Senators a state sends to congress. This means each state ... ... middle of paper ... ...ure, and prosperous nation in the world. Large states and cities are represented with consideration for their size, smaller and rural states given a base minimum representation to protect their intrinsic interests. Moderate and nationally inclusive policies are incentivized, and minority coalitions that foster compromise are encouraged.
They feared that if the president was elected by Congress, he/she may feel some obligation to it. They also felt that the American people were not well enough informed and mature enough to elect their own leader. They finally decided on an Electoral College that today is made up of 538 electors from all 50 state and the District of Columbia. Each state is allotted a number of electors equal to its number of Representatives and Senators in Washington. The District of Columbia has a number of electors equal to that of the least populated state.
The Need for Electoral College Reform During the horse-and-buggy era of 1789, travel to neighboring states was nearly impossible. A distance of even forty miles could require hours. Therefore journeys to non-bordering states were an extremely rare occurrence. These obstacles and the lack of communication between voters in one state and candidates in another was the constitutional framers’ main impetus for instituting an electoral college for presidential elections. This system ideally elects the most qualified candidate as deemed by educated voters: persons designated to keep abreast of current social issues and activities of political office holders and seekers.
Robert V. Remini professed that democracy did return occasionally to bring the country back to the people and further empathized that those risings were vital to steer America away from the greed and back to its democratic tenets, to make the greatness of the United States, once again, a reality for all. (R- 29, 91, 95, 115, 122) Works Cited Remini, Robert V. The American History Series: The Jacksonian Era. 2nd ed. Illinois: Harlan Davidson Inc, 1997. x + 150pp. Index, bibliographical essay, illustrations.
In the entire executive and judicial branches, only two officials are elected—the president and vice president. All the rest are appointed—federal Article III judges for life” (Posner, 2012). While the Electoral College has some disadvantages, there are many advantages to using this system. The ways in which the Electoral College saves time, money, and resources keep American government functional. The electoral system is important in establishing a “check on the tyranny of the majority” (Bond and Smith, 2013), as well as eliminating the need for run-off elections and copious amounts of election result recounts.
Approximately 200 years ago, our founding fathers of America began a tedious process of carefully designing and crafting an idea to solve the problem of selecting president. Soon, the idea of citizens indirectly selecting the president soon bloomed into the formation of the initial College of Electors. Although some individuals cherish this firm establishment, I firmly think the Electoral College fails to balance power and politically sustain our nation. In order to address the issue whether the Electoral College should be thrown away or not, the reasons why it was first established in the first place must be discussed. Generally speaking, the Electoral College’s main intent is to deliver ‘the people’s choice’ in regards to choosing the president.
When it is all boiled down there are four separate insistences of presidential candidates winning without having the majority of popular votes. They are John Q. Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, and to show it still exists in modern times George W. Bush. Bureaucratic tendencies need to be fought for in America. Whether fact or fictional for legitimacy and accountability roles in United States government extremely valuable. Legitimacy in this case studies the prevalent acceptance of authority.
In fact, the Constitution contains provisions for direct and indirect election of the different parts of the legislature and the executive, based on overlapping but distinct electorates (Muller 1251). In addition, many people believe that, the Electoral College process of electing the president necessitates replacement with a direct popular vote to honor our democratic form of government in the United States. Moreover, in a democratic form of government, the authority rests with the people rather than in one or a few as in a totalitarian or authoritarian form of government. People believe a direct election supports the 14th Amendment principle of “one person, one vote” (Wagner 577). Therefore, the winner-take-all system inaccurately represents the will of the American citizens since not all candidates garner any electoral votes.