'A Defense of Abortion' by Judith Jarvis Thomson In the article 'A Defense of Abortion' Judith Jarvis Thomson argues that abortion is morally permissible even if the fetus is considered a person. In this paper I will give a fairly detailed description of Thomson main arguments for abortion. In particular I will take a close look at her famous 'violinist' argument. Following will be objections to the argumentative story focused on the reasoning that one person's right to life outweighs another person's right to autonomy. Then appropriate responses to these objections.
When the violinist is plugged into you, your kidneys are extracting the poison from his blood. The doctor now tells you, “Look, we’re sorry the Society of Music Lovers did this to you—we would never have permitted it if we had known. But still, they did it, and the violinist now is plugged into you. To unplug you would be to kill him. But never mind, it’s only for nine months.
Therefore, an abortion is permissible in the ‘extreme case’ whereby continuing with the pregnancy may result in serious injury or death of the woman. However, it can be argued that although it is permissible to act in self-defence against an invader, the foetus is no such invader and should not be treated like one. Unlike the violinist who was artificially attached to you, the foetus is surviving due to the mother’s biological organs and by the natural processes of reproduction and this yields a special relationship. Therefore, this appears to be a crucial difference between the violinist and the foetus. The natural environment of the violinist is not your body, whereas the natural environment of the foetus is within the mother’s womb.
Extreme conservatives would have abortion made illegal. If we outlaw abortion it would not stop women from having them In “A Defense of Abortion” Judith Thomson does a good job of poking holes in the extreme conservative argument, she is a moderate liberal. Even though she is defending abortion she states there are still times when it is impermissible. . Her first analogy she compares a growing fetus to a famous violinist who has unknowingly been attached to a person’s circulatory system.
Judith Thomson’s “A Defense of Abortion” is an essay where Thomson argues that abortion is not impermissible. To be even more precise, she argues for abortion should also be sometimes permissible, but she also grants that there are certain situations in which getting an abortion would be immoral. “Most opposition to abortion relies on the premise that the fetus is a human being, a person, from the moment of conception.” (Thomson, 48). She uses the rhetorical triangle to help her achieve her argument about abortion. Which uses ethos, pathos, and logos to influence her providing the argument surrounding abortion.
A baby can sometimes disrupt a woman's pursuit of happiness. Having the option to perform an abortion can solve that obstacle. Most of the time the mother of the unwanted child is very young and inexperienced or too poor to take care of the child. The child is usually malnourished, has no medical care, and gets very little attention or love. When talking about abortion, there are many different ethical questions involved.
Thompson points out the flaws in the idea that the fetus’ right to life far outweighs the mother’s right to abort it if she feels she does not want to bring it in to the world. She uses of the violinist anecdote to describes the situation. If a violinist needs to be hooked up to another’s vital organs for a time to survive, does the person have to do it? The answer is no. So then, if a Down Syndrome fetus is in a woman that cannot properly care for the child, and knows it will not be treated equally, does she have to bring it into the world?
In addition, they claim that pregnant ladies will end securing unsafe illegal abortions in the event that all options are not legalized. Besides, they further argue that professionally-performed abortions not only reduce maternal injuries but also the deaths brought about by the illegal, unsafe abortions. Moreover, they argue that personhood commences once the fetus becomes “viable”, that is, capable of surviving outside the womb or once one is born but not at conception (Lopez 511). In that perspective, they allege that embryos, as well as, fetuses cannot be considered as independent, self-determining humans and abortions are meant to terminate pregnancies but not babies. Moreover, the age of an individual is calculated from the date of birth but not conception and the U.S Census does not involve the counting of fetuses.
So if somebody comes in and she says, ‘I want an abortion’, whether or not she is articulate about it, let alone whether she has a great story to tell isn’t the point. The point is that she has made this decision.” This deals with the issue of whether or not abortion should be made legal in extreme cases, “such as in the case of rape, incest, known deformity, or grave danger to the life of the mother.” Dr. Robinson has dealt with a tremendous amount of controversy and abuse for her job, yet continues, even puts her face and name on the documentary. As you learn from reading more and more of her interviews, most women who engage in late term pregnancies were not even aware of the pregnancy. Pregnancy tests are not 100% accurate, so someone could even take one and believe they’re not pregnant for months until retaking or seeking a physician. There are many other reasons why a women would not be menstruating such as weight, stress, physical health, or birth control, making it nearly impossible to assume one is pregnant if there is no cycle.
As provided for in the Declaration of Independence, every person is entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Let’s start with the first and most basic of these rights: life. When women have abortions, children are being deprived of their most basic right of living, which in turn robs them of all of the other intrinsic rights of human beings. In a society that prizes equality and liberty for all, abortions aren’t too dissimilar from that ideal. Although abortions have been legal for over forty years, abortions should be illegal because the fetus isn’t a part of the woman’s body, abortions are harmful to every party involved, and unplanned pregnancies can be avoided through methods that are more proactive.