Many of these ideas are still carried and used in not only England, but the majority of Europe and other World Powers today. “Great Charter” is the direct translation of the phrase “Magna Carta.” The Manga Carta was proposed by Barons to King John. It was proposed primarily due to the abuse of power and failure of the King. King John had lost many battles with France, and ultimately ignored the people of England. The Pope at the time, Pope Innocent III, also had a small feud with King John.
From 1805 to 1808 Napoleon fought in battles that left only Great Britain out of his control. He began to run into problems trying to capture Great Britain. Trying to destroy the British economy Napoleon put his Continental system into place, which was a plan to cut off British sea trade. The British Navy was superior and Napoleon lost. This is said to be the start of his downfall.
The angry and easily manipulated peasants, who were used by the bourgeoisie for their own benefit were another significant change, and finally the decline of the traditional monarchy, that for so long had ruled, were all factors to the main point that the French Revolution was caused by a political base, with social disorder and economic instability contributing to the upheaval. All of the sub-factors relate with one-another, but are separate in their own ways. For centuries, the French noble was well set in society. He found prosperity and security in the old regime, and all he had to do was pay homage to the king, and provide the king with his services. This all came to a gradual stop, however beginning with the loss of the noble's power over their own land at the hands of Louis XIV.1 This was the foundation of the revolte nobiliaire in the fact that it formed a basis of mistrust, and anger for the monarch.2 In that time the feudal system was still being practiced, so social status was based on the amount of land you could attain.
Napoleon was a tyrant because he betrayed the French Revolution ideals of freedom, equality, and poverty. He was the closest person ever to uniting Europe, but did not get that done. He had so much power and used it to become a tyrant. Everyone hated him and would make fun of him .Cartoonists mocked him with cartoons, and people would laugh about how he was so short, but with a big hat, and belly. Napoleon made 3 main and big mistakes; the continental system, peninsular war, and invasion of Russia.
The Revolution That Shook the World The French Revolution was the event that changed much of the way Europe was governed. The French rebellion pitted the poor against the ruling rich and monarchs and though the path was not straight, it did eventually lead to equality for France and much of Europe. The French Revolution occurred over a period of ten years (1789 – 1799), and appeared to be a failure because of its brutality. However, as the years passed, the feudal life that existed for most of France's population died and the monarchy of France (and eventually those throughout Europe) ended. Although the American Revolution may have been an inspiration to the people of France, it was the French mutiny that inspired the end of the monarchies throughout Europe.
That surely went against the principles of the French revolution that he was supposed to espouse. - Napoleon saw elections as 'useless'. To him the elections only brought about political instability. Very soon he had buried popular democracy. Popular sovereignty caved in and in its place was raw authority of the Napoleonic regime - There could be no durable peace in the country with wars being fought continuously Support for Napoleon - Napoleon had been considered as 'son of the Revolution' by the revolutionaries of 1789 - Among the reasons were the following: - He was against the unjust and ineffective institutions of the ancien regime such as: Seigneurialism, the cumbersome institutions of Bourbon absolutism; the aristocratic privilege - Above all Napoleon valued principles of the Revolution which stressed equality of opportunity - The French wanted a strong and stable government; an assurance of basic revolutionary gains, and settlem... ... middle of paper ... ...and confiscated from the Church and sold during the Revolution would be retained by its purchasers.
Through the revolution, the French aspired to do away with the traditional philosophy retained through the practices of the old monarchy. Also, the French rebelled because of the persecution inflicted by the existing government. At the time in France, social equality before the law was non-existent and corrupt government officials were prevalent. Poorer citizens were forced to carry most of the tax burden while the monarchs enjoyed lavish lives. The peasants, consequently, despised the rich and carried out an assault ... ... middle of paper ... ...estore their rights within it” (Doc ___).
The main objectives of the radical groups appearing at this time seem to be "reformist rather than revolutionary" (Peaple & Lancaster). As a result of the French Revolution Pitt turned away from reform, now subsequently linked to revolution. Many of the elite feared that social and political changes might occur in Britain as they had in France. Due to this belief, reform agitation was met with repression and it's believed by many that what was thought to be the threat of revolution in the 1790s is best seen as a "panic reaction amongst some of the propertied classes as a result of the intensification and growing violence of events across the channel" (Peaple & Lancaster). On reflection, rather than inspiring radical protest, the French Revolution encouraged its suppression, although it did play an important role in the political awakening of the lower classes as the radical ideology of liberty, equality and brotherhood was derived from French example.
(In the US, in "we the people). "The People " identified with the nation was a radical concept. Aided by bad harvests of 1788 and 1789, so that a riotous people stood behind the Third Estate. Jacobins= radical revolutionaries San culottes=urban masses of laboring poor Feudalism abolished in 1793 Events: -1791 moderate bourgeoisie victorious (Metric system, emancipation of Jews) war breaks out with Britain and other monarchies -4 Jacobins..."Alon les enfates de la patrie...Le Marseilles, "Egalite, liberte, fraternite (ended by rise of Napoleon. Regin of Terror, including escaping King Louis XVI, Danton, then Robespierre, 17,000 to guillotine -"Tale of Two Cities" by Dickens.
During the late 18th century, both France and the British colonies in America experienced wars the opened the eyes of nations. The French Revolution and American Revolution drastically changed political thinking. In the French Revolution, monarchism was abandoned and political power was given to the people until the country became out of control, and a military dictatorship was necessary to regain control of France. In the American Revolution, a new nation was formed as the British colonies tore themselves away from the English monarchy. In the end, both France and the new United States of America moved away from absolute rule by a king or queen and wanted to put the political power in the hands of their people.