Analyse at Least Two Recently Proposed Solutions to the Problem of E-Waste in Order to Determine Which is the Most Effective

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The XXI century is generally defined as the era of modern Information Technology (IT). In recent decades there has been a big step forward to the advanced technology and innovations. Everyday electronic equipment becomes obsolete because of an enormous stream of new and upgraded ones. It is an unstoppable process termed as progress, when new gadgets evolve and develop, old electronic appliances become useless and out of date. However, as modern technology develops and extends the amount of obsolete and discarded electronic equipment also known as e-waste (e-scrap) increases. According to BBC, today electronic waste shows the highest growing trend in the world, (15.11.2010) it is estimated that there is approximately 53 million tonnes of e-waste worldwide. Moreover, because it consists of many different things, including hazardous substances and valuable elements, e-waste cannot be easily disposed of and it should be recycled in a proper way. However, it is mostly disposed of in landfills and incinerators, which results in environment and health problems. To prevent contamination and pollution some developed countries export their e-waste to developing countries, which regard e-waste as the source of valuable elements, but not as the potentional issues with people health and pollution. Taking all this into account a pressing question begins to appear: “What should be done to tackle this challenge of electronic waste?” One good response to this question may be recycle and reuse. Obsolete electronic devices can be reused, which means continued use of them or their components in the way they are produced for after their collection in specific centres (stated in WEEE Directive). These electronic appliances collected by the different f... ... middle of paper ... ...(accessed November 21) .Khetriwal, D.S., P. Kraeuchi, and R. Widmer.2007. Producer responsibility for e-waste management: Key issues for consideration e Learning from the Swiss experience. Journal of Environmental Management 90(2009):153-165 Nnorom, I.C., and O.Osibanjo.2008. Overview of electronic waste (e-waste) management practices and legislations, and their poor applications in the developing countries. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 52(6):843-858. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VDX-4S807W2-2/1/73549912363010a8fbfc57c60579fd82 (November 11, 2010) Schluep M., Hagelüken C., et al. (2009). Recycling – from e-waste to resources. Sustainable innovation & technology transfer industrial sector studies. Final report, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), StEP – Solving the e-Waste Problem, Paris / France and Bonn / Germany.

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