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nearby island. You have a waterproof container, but can only carry 20 kilos of items in it. Decide which of the following items you will take (Nunan, 2004). • Axe (8 kilos) • Cans of food (500 grams each) • Bottles of water (1.5 kilos each) • Short-wave radio (12 kilos) • Firelighting kits (500 grams each) • Notebook computer (3.5 kilos) 2. pedagogical tasks Acts like a bridge between the classroom and the real world in that they serve to prepare students for real-life language
as they go. Four feet strike the floor in steps: two beat regularly, forming measures, and two more land off the beat, sounding irregularly, introducing syncopation; but when the steps intersect-as they now do-there is diaphony, which displaces our memory of the sounds that preceded it. A difficult rest follows, only to be broken by the falling of an uncertain limb, which thuds and drags, thuds then drags . . . . The music stops; we hear silence and presume stillness. The sound of laughter forces our
1. Introduction Speech is the most alluring medium of communication between the humans. There are several ways of characterizing the communications potential of speech. In general, speech coding can be considered to be a particular specialty in the broad field of speech processing, which also includes speech analysis and speech recognition. The purpose of speech coder is to convert an analogue speech signal into digital form for efficient transmission or storage and then to convert the received