preview

An Ironic, Witty Short Story by Guy de Maupassant, The Necklace

analytical Essay
1015 words
1015 words
bookmark

Guy de Maupassant is considered to be one of the fathers of short stories, he is a French author who lived in the 19th century. Born in 1850 at the Chateau de Miromesnil in France, to a lone literary mother who passed on her passion for books to Guy. The author’s writing style is characterized by economy of style, brilliant irony and elegant denouement. Maupassant wrote over 300 short stories, six novels, three travel books, and a volume of verse. Maupassant incorporated genres such as realism and naturalism within his works and his first published story; “Boule de Suif” (ball of fat) is considered by many as being his masterpiece.

“The Necklace” is an ironic, amusing and witty short story which deals with themes such as the deceitfulness of appearance, the threat of martyrdom and the power of objects. The main protagonist in this short story is Mathilde Loisel. Born in a family of clerks, the alluring Madame Loisel is convinced that her social status the “Petite Bourgeoisie” is simply a blunder and Mathilde is destined for a life of prosperity. She pursues her life in perpetual revolt against her circumstances. However she is not living in poverty, with a comfortable home and a caring husband, yet she remains oblivious of all other than the riches she craves. Her lust for wealth is a continual torment and turmoil.
Mathilde is a furious and turbulent woman consumed with jealousy who would sacrifice anything and do all in her power to cure her “misfortune” and reverse “destiny’s error” that has her living a unacceptable and incompetent life. Due to her materialistic and flirtatious personality, Madame Loisel is an unsympathetic character, she covets wealth and affection from prosperous playboys and neglecting all devotion Monsie...

... middle of paper ...

...ame Loisel comprehends the meaning of humility. Prior to the necklace Mathilde lived the life of princess in a working class home fantasizing of "thought of dainty dinners, of shining silverware". After the necklace, Mathilde has metamorphosed into a determined woman who fights hard for her bread. Every so often she experiences her past daydreams but these have matured into objective and rational queries. Rather than crying and complaining she ponders upon a rational thought of her past life, this example of free indirect discourse gives us an insight into her more mature thoughts,"What would have happened if she had not lost that necklace? Who knows? who knows? How strange and changeful is life!". Madame Loisel develops a positive mindset and embraces failure as a lesson of life. Humbled by the events, she is truly a transformed lady.

Works Cited

whitgift school

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that guy de maupassant is considered to be one of the fathers of short stories. he was born in 1850 at the chateau de miromesnil in france, to a lone literary mother who passed on her passion for books to guy.
  • Analyzes "the necklace" as an ironic, amusing, and witty short story which deals with themes such as the deceitfulness of appearance, the threat of martyrdom and the power of objects.
  • Analyzes how mathilde is a furious and turbulent woman consumed with jealousy who would sacrifice anything and do all in her power to cure her "misfortune" and reverse "destiny's error".
  • Analyzes how maupassant mocks mathilde as a stereotypical diva rather than using her to depict the social class.
  • Analyzes how the necklace illustrates the puissance of perception and the breach between appearance and actuality.
  • Analyzes how mathilde loisel's charm was her only blessing prior to the loss of the necklace, tattered during the laborious repayment of it.
  • Analyzes how the irony present in "the necklace" humiliates the protagonists, but allows the reader to relate to mathilde as we experience such heart-sick moments.
  • Analyzes how maupassant's illustration of mathilde loisel mirrors her character. her actions replicate that of a six year old spoilt brat with parents lacking authority.
  • Analyzes how mathilde's husband returns home with a letter, but in disappointment "she tossed the invitation peevishly". the accumulation of her actions gives madame loisel an impression of immaturity.
  • Analyzes how mathilde changes throughly from physical appearance to moral thinking. she learns to toil and gain pride in her personal success.
Get Access