An Inside Look at Rwanda

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Rwanda is one of the smaller countries in Africa located south of the equator in Central/ Eastern Africa. It has a number of lakes, the largest being Lake Kivu. Mountains cut through the majority of Central and Western Rwanda, its Eastern border, however consists of swamps, savannas and plains. Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country is home to various cultures and languages such as Kinyarwanda (Bantu) and French. Although mostly recovered, the devastation of the 1994 genocide still plagues the country. This included the mass killings of Rwandans led by the political elite name Akazu. The Tutsi’s, one of the two major cultures in Rwanda, population was drastically affected by the horrific event.

The demographics of Rwanda as of 2010 are very intriguing. The average number of people per square mile is 590 , The total population is 10,624,000 people. The percentage of people under the age of 15 is 42.6%, between 15 and 65 is 54.7%, and over 65 is 2.7%. The languages spoken are Kinyarwanda (Bantu), English, French, and Swahili. The religion percentages are Roman Catholic- 56.5%, Protestant- 37.1%, Muslim- 4.6%, indigenous beliefs-0.1% and none being 1.7% of the population. The type of government Rwanda utilizes is a Presidential Republic, which means the president of Rwanda is the both the head of the state and government of a multi-party system. (

Rwanda was originally given to the german empire as a colony in exchange for taking back the claims of Uganda. The poor map references of this exchange led to altercations over borderlines. The final borders of Rwanda were decided in 1900 along with several other smaller kingdoms on the shore of Lake Victoria. Th...

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...r small size and lack of protection has made them susceptible to altercation caused by power hungry elites like Akazu. This cut their already small population by 20% which makes it impossible to produce enough to stay out of debt and create a positive GDP. They are constantly consuming more goods than they can produce which leads to more import than export. Rwanda’s recovery has been slow and strenuous but only time will tell the fate of the small African country.

Works Cited

"Economy-overview." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.

"Rwanda." U.S. Agency for International Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.

"U.S. Relations With Rwanda." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, 29 July 2013. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.

"The Rwandan Genocide." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
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