Industry was advancing and expanding so rapidly that history appeared to be distancing itself from the present with unusual speed. Up until this time period life had not changed much from decade to decade or even from century to century. Photography’s popularity during the industrial revolution was, in large part, a result of people’s desire to slow down the perceived acceleration of history (McQuire). It has been argued that the acceleration of historical time is “leading to the possible industrialization of forgetting” and that “we will not only miss history…we will also long to go back to space and times past.” (Virilio) The desire to stop time and preserve the way things were are the primary reasons why the majority of photography in the late nineteenth century focused on documenting dying traditions, practices, and ways of life... ... middle of paper ... ...dvertising.” Picturing the Past: Media History & Photography. Ed.
Often referred to as an avant-garde movement at that time, it was a loose assembly of ideas. They believed in creating a better world. Mainly consisting of left-leaning political ideology followers, they had a vision of transforming every aspect of the society through the medium of art, design, architecture, literature, etc. During the early 19th century, Europe was marked by a number of wars and revolutions, it led way and gave birth to different movements including Modernism. Modern day historians conceive, that the movement played an integral role and had a big impact in shaping the modern society we live in.
A flourishing market and economy give birth to new technology and resources meant to encourage expansion and therefore, globalization. It is exactly this idea of globalization that defies and weakens traditional loyalties to the state. Interestingly enough, Lynn White and Plato share Kaplan's conclusion of weakening traditional loyalties to the state. Before beginning with my argument, it is absolutely necessary to define "traditional loyalties to the state", which I believe to be much different than basic loyalty, (without the traditional), to the state. Because this definition is relative to any and all persons, one will have to rely on my interpretational definition.
Through its effect on economic growth, globalization has been a powerful force acting to raise standards of living. More open economies have recorded the best growth performance; in contrast, countries with inward-oriented policies have done less well. Importantly, as real incomes have risen on average, the incidence of poverty has declined. Nevertheless technological advance and globalization distress those who once thrived in industries that were at the forefront of technology but which have since become increasingly noncompetitive. In each step of incremental... ... middle of paper ... ...
Neo-classicism, governed by reason, attempted to establish certain standards in the lives of Europeans. The backlash during the Enlightenment, in which traditions were beginning to be scrutinized negatively, also fed into much of the ideals during this period. Romanticism emerged as a sort of continuation of the Enlightenment; not in questioning political ideology but in praising irrationality through imagination. Regarded as the “Age of Sensibility,” Romanticism is very well known for the emergence of guiding oneself through emotion rather than reason. First expressed in the Enlightenment by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, this era saw an increase in the interest of nature and the wish for a return to a “simpler” society.
Mill argues an individual with his self-interest in the matter can conduct a business better than a government which has no self-interest because an individual is likely to pay greater attention to a business than a g... ... middle of paper ... ... Mill and Friedman, while a century apart, are remarkably similar in their principle. Both advocate for a limited government and a competition-based economy. Both believe competition should be fair and played by the rule interpreted and enforced by the government. They believe in the government’s power to control the monetary supply as well as the power to control some monopoly if the resource is essential. Finally, despite their skepticism against the paternalistic government, both voice their opinion that madmen and children should be governed in a paternalistic way by the government because they are not fully capable of making responsible decisions.
Towards the eighteenth century a growing consuming public bred a desire for the new and created new demands and new styles. Contemporary features of consumer culture existed in the early modern mind, but they were recognizable in different forms. Under the disguise of commerce and trade, not production or consumption, the early modern man came to contact with a new ideology of free exchange, not only of goods and services, but of ideas, opinions, and meanings as well. Consumer culture, according to Slater, is not a reference to a recent phenomenon: it is rather part of a new terminology that came to replace the notion of civil society, which itself is born to modernity. The ideal of autonomous individuals rationally pursuing their interests in a free market – a notion so much cherished within consumer culture – stands at the heart of the project of modernity in the eighteenth century.
Sculpture and architecture were largely influenced by the classical world. Sculptors used new materials, developed new techniques, became more expressive with their creations, and created three-dimensional figures that deviated from stylization. Architecture became more cal... ... middle of paper ... ...ht to end the idealist tendencies romanticism had put into place but could never escape the era entirely. It also had some affect on the wild and passionate aspects of the Victorian period later on. It has never stopped influencing the art world.
The first people to differentiate between the medieval period and the renaissance were those living during the latter. Renaissance writers saw themselves as set apart from the more recent past, and believed they had more in common with the distant classical period. They viewed themselves as on the cusp of a bright new era, a “rebirth” of classical innovation and knowledge. Later historians would also mark this time as something new and shiny, standing out from the dreary middle ages. French historian Jules Michelet saw the renaissance as a beacon of democracy and liberty, Jacob Burckhardt applauded the rediscovery of the classics, and Walter Pater saw in this period “a spirit of rebellion and revolt against the moral and religious ideas of the time.” They were in like mind with the Renaissance thinkers themselves, but as Bartlett points out one cannot study their own time period with proper objectivity needed for accurate historical analysis.
At pre-industrial era, people initiated material production. In the 20th Century, the material production were at access, then entering the post-industrial era, the industry civilization was exchanged from material production to cultural production. Previously, the manufacturing of popular culture product need very high competence, therefore quantity production was inconceivable. Furthermore, the price was high, so the industry was always controlled by wealthy. However, this kind of cartel was broken on the basis of science and technological development.