An Essay On Autism

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, places autism in a more extensive diagnostic bracket called autism spectrum disorder. This encompasses a range of autism-related disorders that vary in severity. It is one of the most severe, chronic, behavioral disorders of childhood. Swiss psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler referred to autistic disorder as an unusual way of thinking among people with schizophrenia. A more in-depth explanation of autistic thinking is the propensity to view oneself as the center of the universe. The inability to associate with others and feeling like they live in their own worlds are some of the most descriptive characteristics of autism. The diagnostic criteria for this disorder ranges from persistent deficits in social communication and interaction to restricted patterns of behavior. Individuals with autism fail in normal back-and-forth conversation and reduced sharing of interests or emotions, insistence on sameness, difficulties with transitions and extreme distress at small changes. They have an intense attachment to unusual objects, apparent nonchalance to pain or temperature, excessive smelling or touching of objects and visual preoccupation with lights or movement. Lack of nonverbal communication may first be observed at around 12 to18 months of age. As they thrive, they begin to refuse physical attention and their speech begins to fall behind. The disorder can be diagnosed infallibly by around age 2 or 3, however, the typical child does not have a diagnosis until about age 6. Delaying a diagnosis can be unfavorable as children who are diagnosed and treated earlier, generally do better. The causes for autism are still unknown. Scientists advocate that the brai... ... middle of paper ... ...rs endorsed notably more symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in comparison to fathers of the same children. They concluded that acquiring data from more than one source is recommended and provides a different aspect of observation. In conclusion, these entire articles share a common knowledge of what autism spectrum disorder encompasses and what brings about it. They all seem to agree that despite having no treatment or cure, autistic individuals diagnosed early have better chances of generally living a fulfilling life. However, public anticipations of quick discoveries are on the rise, particularly among parents of children with autism. More, detailed, and accurate researches still need to be done on ASDs. There needs to be a little more acceptance of individuals with autism and avoidance of inadvertently creating too much focus on what they are NOT.

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