An Autoimmune Disease Of The Diabetic Athlete

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Introduction One of the major autoimmune diseases that impacts young people for the rest of their lives is type I diabetes. Type I diabetes occurs when the production of β-cells, insulin, in the pancreas is limited or destroyed (Jensen, 2004, p. 192). According to Jensen in his article “Nutritional concerns in the diabetic athlete,” for college athletics type I diabetes is a challenge because physical activity can lead to hypoglycemia due to the use of energy. Type I diabetes do not stop a person from being an athlete, but athletes need a high level of nutritional discipline in order to not fall into hypoglycemia as they exercise. Research Question • What is the attitude of college athletics living with type I diabetes towards using a diet to fight hypoglycemia and how the diets they chose impact hypoglycemia? Significance Statement Living with type I diabetes can limit a person from doing extraordinary things, but the ability to get educated and get control over the disease will help with it’s symptoms. Many athletics with type I diabetes might limit their potential because experiencing a low glucose level in the bloodstream, hypoglycemia, can lead to “seizures and loss of consciousness” and in “severe and prolonged, it can result in death.” (Thompson,2015). Nonetheless, finding diets that satisfy the glucose levels of athletes, from different sports, with type I diabetes will play a big role in their development and performance as athletes; in addition, a good and adequate diet will reduce the chance of hypoglycemia for diabetic athletes, which would benefit their health. Literature Review Intro Exercising is recommended for type 1 diabetics; exercising can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, prevent obesity, and over... ... middle of paper ... ...aying and since the glucose level reading takes about 5 seconds they should check their glucose before, during and after the game (Kirk, 2009). Methods Subjects I plan to conduct my study in college athletes with diabetes. I will find my subjects in Rowan University, which will need to be type 1 diabetic athletes between the ages of 18 and 24. Tools I will collect my data by online survey. I plan to collect data anonymously in survey monkey where I will ask the subjects about their diet, type of sport they play, how frequent they experience hypoglycemia. I will compare the type of sport and physical activity the athletes practice with their diet and frequency of hypoglycemia in order to see a relationship among them. Timeline I plan to implement my survey from November 15th through December 1st; I expect subjects to participate before final projects and exams begin.

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