Ibsen, Henrik. "A Doll House" The Norton Introduction to Literature. By Kelly J. Mays. Eleventh ed. New York: Norton & Company, 2013. 1447-96. Print.
During the late 1800s, gender inequality was one of the common issues that existed in the society. Men and women were often distinguished among themselves. Men were regularly portrayed as the one who had power and strength, whereas women were supposed to do all the household work and they were seen as weak and trivial. Henrick Ibsen shows a prefect illustration of this example in the play A Doll’s House. Ibsen develops a notion of how the existence of gender roles in society affected one’s lives. The protagonist Nora, whose identity is shaped after seeing her husband’s actions, which depicts his beliefs of gender inequality, demonstrates this idea.
Henrik Ibsen published A Doll House in 1879, which was a time period of intense debate over women’s rights. Ibsen believed in the equality of people; consequently, the play displays the unjust inequality between men and women during the 19th century. Women were expected to fulfill the roles of a daughter, wife, and mother. However, to conform to the standards of the time women would repeatedly sacrifice their own happiness for the sake of men (Shahbaz). Nora attempted to fulfill the roles society expected of her, but she could not. Henrik Ibsen demonstrated how a woman has a duty to herself first by showing the negative effects of restricting women to the subservient roles of a daughter, wife, and mother in A Doll House.
Scott, Clement, Michael Egan, and B. C. Southam. "Part 1: A DOLL'S HOUSE: Chapter 17: An Unsigned Notice By Clement Scott In The Daily Telegraph." Henrik Ibsen (0-415-15950-4) (1997): 101-103. Literary Reference Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
Unbalanced relationships in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House are shown through the symbolism of a doll. Characters in A Doll’s House live according to the assurance and pressure of society in the Victorian era. These unbalanced relationships shown through the symbolism of A Doll’s House is commonly displayed among the main characters, and minor characters, and can also be shown through social class. A Doll’s House is an empowering book that inspires women and educates men. The multiple “dolls” in A Doll’s House can connect to the audience on a personal level because there is a type of doll for
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House. New York: Dover Publications, 1992. Print: 6, 10, and 12-16.
Today women are being mistreated for just the gender roles and stereotypes that revolve in the human society. Depending on the time period and culture, women are expected to act in a certain way. Throughout history, many relationships can be found in different cultures regarding the way women were treated. In Ibsen’s A Doll’s house, Nora reflects the responsibilities and roles of Norwegian women during the late 1870s. Torvald, Nora’s husband, also shows the way men treated women and what roles they played in a marriage. Here, women are portrayed as dependent on men, they don’t have much freedom, and they are not allowed to have opinions. Women are taught to rely on men and be acquiescent to their husbands. Many stereotypes and gender roles found in A Doll’s House can also be observed in
Throughout her life Nora had spent her time pleasing the men around her, first her father and then Torvald. As the reality erupted that her marriage to Torvald was loveless and not salvageable, she ignored Torvald's demand that she not leave him. He even made attempts to sway her decision by insinuating they could go on in the house as brother and sister. Her need to be a valued human in society had prevailed over the dependent, frail, creature that once belonged to Torvald. She set out to find her independence in spite of the limitations that society had placed on women. Her displeasure had burned a path beyond her little, secure world and the burden of being a plaything was lifted.
Henrik Ibsen 's “A Doll House” played a significant role in the late nineteenth-century when it explored different aspects of gender roles in society. With his stage play, Ibsen 's observation on society shows the audience, of what happens when one lie can turn into a multitude of lies, and how secrets can destroy a family.
“A Doll’s House.” Drama for Students. 1985. Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll House. The Bedford Introduction to Literature.
... of equality in marriage. When Nora began to understand Helmer didn’t love her, he loved the idea of her as a pretty woman he was married to, Nora realizes how degrading her role as a woman in the household was. She saw the freedom of Mrs. Linde to be able to obtain a job in her husband’s bank, and the freedom of being a single woman to think, act, and do what she wanted to do, not what her Father wanted her to do, or her husband. Nora realized her identity was solely in her Father, and in Helmer, and the unhealthiness of this reality. Nora wanted to be treated as a human being and not as an object. To be accepted as such would be the struggle of women in the 1800’s and early 1900’s. Nora thought in leaving Helmer she was leaving the problem of feeling like an object all together. Little did she realize she was going to have to face the other Helmers in society.
After reading “The Yellow Wallpaper” and following that, A Doll’s House I noticed that both female protagonists are being victimized of a patriarchal society. Along with becoming victims, they’re treated unfairly by the men in their lives, being locked in a room or being dressed up basically as if she were a doll and shown off like a trophy. These women did not take this treatment very well considering the narrator from “The Yellow Wallpaper” becomes insane and hysterical and Nora from A Doll’s House finally has enough of being treated like she’s a young child and finally walks out on her family. While the Narrator succumbed to the oppression, Nora did not and got enough courage built up even though it meant losing her husband and her children,
The prevailing standards of masculinity have placed a trivial label on female values compared to the values of men. Most noticeably, A Room of One’s Own, authored by Virginia Woolf, effectively conveys the inequalities between men and women. During this era, Woolf recognizes the literary cannon works of women; her successful recognitions allow for the questioning as to why these accomplished female authors are not given the acknowledgment to which they are entitled. This inquiry is also conveyed in the work of Carol Shield’s, Unless. Unless effectively conveys the progression of anger, which is blamable for Norah’s breakaway from reality. This break from reality causes Reta’s melancholic feelings to transform
Ibsen, Henrik. The Project Gutenberg EBook of a Doll's House. [EBook #2542]. The Project Gutenberg, 13 Dec. 2008. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. .
Rogers, Katharine M. (1985): ‘‘A Doll House in a Course on Women in Literature,’’ in Approaches to Teaching Ibsen’s A Doll House, Shafer, Yvonne (ed.). New York: Modern Language Association, p.82.