He says once they finish their journey through Hell, he will not be able to guide Dante through heaven because his virtues include only reason and intellect but not faith in God when he says, “if you shall ever wish to rise, a soul will come far worthier than me.” (Inferno, Canto 1). Virgil’s lack of faith in God or acknowledgment of the repentance of sin limited himself to Limbo as he died before the time of Jesus Christ, but he shows through reason that he is aware of his unworthy soul. Dante had Virgil be the character of reason and intellect, because Virgil has the experience and knowledge to aide Dante’s journey through Hell and Purgatory. Along with being a voice of reason, Virgi... ... middle of paper ... ... without someone Heavenly to guide them. Dante shows that Virgil usually gets what he wants throughout the Inferno, but is now restricted by his lack of faith.
New York: Longman 2003. 772-773.
From a contextual background of the author, Eliot continued his interest in fragmentation throughout his career. The Love Song of Alfred J. Purfrock undergoing fragmentation of mental focus and imagery, uses bits and pieces of formal structure to suggests that disconnection, although anxiety-provoking, in spite of everything, productive; had the poem been composed purely in free verse, the work would have seemed much more nihilistic and rejecting all moral principles in the idea that life is meaningless. Based on the kinds of imagery Eliot paints with the use of fragments and disconnection, it also suggest that something new can be made from ruins: The series of hypothetical encounters at the poem’s centre are recapitulated and discontinuous but nevertheless lead to a sort of dark epiphany rather than just leading us without purpose.
The passage is spoken by a person within the eighth chasm of hell.  If I believed that my answer would be To someone who would ever return to earth, This flame would move no more, But because no one from this gulf Has ever returned alive, if what I hear is true, I can reply with no fear of infamy. (Eliot, 3) Although this passage may suggest that Prufrock is speaking to someone who he can trust, his character would suggest otherwise. Prufrock is far too consciously anxious when it comes to what people think of him. This can be displayed by his enduring indecisiveness found in the many questions he asks throughout the poem, such as, ≥Do I dare / Disturb the universe?≤ (45-46) and ≥S... ... middle of paper ... ...y.
Written in the era of modernism, the reader is capable of unraveling that the poem’s true purpose was not only to show Prufrock’s inability to make decisions when it comes to love, but to show the desolation that one faces in times of a modernistic transition. Eliot depicts Prufrock’s transition phase through a gloomy and solemn tone, incorporating imagery, metaphor and synecdoche to fully illustrate Prufrock’s despondent state of mind and spirit. Prufrock invites us, the reader, through his journey of self-evaluation and self-examination, as he say’s “LET us go then, you and I.” He uses personification in lines 5, “the muttering retreats” to describe his surroundings as if it were alive. The "retreats" are not "muttering," but it seems that way because they are the kinds of places where you would run into muttering people. Also, the restless nights mentioned in lines 4 and 6, “let us go, through certain half-deserted streets/Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels” allude to modernism—young people walking around at night, in and out of one-night cheap hotels.
Answer It is obvious that the excessive and obsessive reflection of self that Prufrock undergoes in the poem, "The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock" written by T.S. Eliot, prevents him from living to his true potential, and this is shown through the poet?s language and his use of poetic devices. ?The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock? has some immaculate imagery. T.S.
The epigraph graphically illustrates this; being a passage from Dante's "Inferno".... "If I thought my reply would be to someone who would ever return to earth, this flame would remain without further movement; but as no one has ever returned from this gulf, if what I hear is true, I can answer you with no fear of infamy. "2 When one considers the poem in the light of this prologue, one must see that Prufrock is basically telling the tale of his isolation and living hell, but without shame because he believes his words will never be heard. He speaks to himself, and poses questions to himself as many do when they are grappling internally with issues and problems of their own. I wish to discuss two main thread... ... middle of paper ... ...nse it is indeed a song about love, but it is not a "love song" in the traditional sense. "The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock" is not radio friendly mainstream love.
T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” was first published in Poetry in June of 1915 at the urgings of Ezra Pound (wiki). The poem includes images and style reflective of modernist poetry, with an “oblique free verse” (Norton). At the time of its publication, Prufrock was considered shocking and offensive, but is now seen as championing the cultural shift to Modernism (wiki). Through the poem’s juxtapositions, stream of consciousness monologue, and irregular rhyming pattern, Eliot cemented his place in modernist poetry.
The passage from Dante’s Inferno acts as a chilling introduction to Prufrock’s mind: "If I thought I were answering someone who could ever return to the world, this flame would be still; but since no one has returned alive from this depth, if what I hear is true, I respond without fear of ill repute." (CITATION) This quote suggests that Prufrock is telling his traveling companion the most intimate details of his existence; that what is said in the poem is said in all verity. However, there is no suggestion anywhere in the poem that Prufrock’s character would be comfortable engaging with anyone, let alone tell them of his greatest shortcomings and fear. It seems very unlikely that the ‘I’ referred to in the poem is another person, and equally as unlikely that Prufrock has said the words aloud at all. Concerned that his smallest actions and mu... ... middle of paper ... ...], and [he] drown[s].”(131) By classifying “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” as a symbolic exploration of the id, ego, and super ego of Prufrock, a deep and complex character is revealed.
As Miller states, "The history of modern literature is in part the history of the splitting apart of this communion which has been matched by a similar dispersal of the cultural unity of man. God, nature, and language." Arnold’s doubt is not that of man who disbelieves - a doubt that religion, gods or God do exist or have existed – but that of man suffering from a more longing emotion, a despair flowing from the awareness that a God that should exist and has existed is now absent. Works cited Miller, J. Hillis. The Theme of the Disappearance of God in Victorian Poetry.