I believe Socrates in-depth discovery process for the perfect city is a great philosophical look into the idea of justice. Socrates brought up a subject many men at that time would never have thought about and Plato believed that the idea of justice was worthy of writing a literary work to pass his philosophy on to future generations. Since the crucial elements of justice may be easier to observe on the larger scale like a city than on one individual. The focus for Socrates is a perfect city, because the city will represent human soul, Socrates says; "we'll go on to consider it in the individuals, considering the likeness of the bigger in the idea of the littler? "(Plato 369a).
Unlike, Plato, who argues that a person should always remain good, no matter what the circumstances, Machiavelli argues differently in chapter 15: “… a man who strives after goodness in all his acts is sure to come to ruin…hence it is necessary that a man who is interested in his survival learn to be other than good, making use of this capacity or refraining from it according to need. (The Prince, p.62)” Although, Machiavelli admits that, yes, indeed, the people will praise a prince with good qualities, (merciful, trust-worthy, open-handed, courteous, etc. ), it is impossible for humans to actually perceive all those qualities. Even if those good qualities were to be achieved by a prince, his success in ruling a state is not achieved, and the opposite qualities “…though seeming evil, will result in his safety and well-being. (The Prince, p.62)”
The Good Life: Plato and Paul For the span of all philosophical theory, the quest for the “good life” or permanent and final happiness has time and again been at the forefront of human motivation and thought. In surmising on how to make our lives good, it is not uncommon to believe that existing in the customary ways, given the lifestyles humans naturally form in becoming adults, is not automatically the preeminent way to exist. If we were to dedicate deliberate and conscious thought to the problem, a superior method may appear. The “good life” can range from a system of ethics to a quality of existence in comparison to others. Many philosophers, writers, and religious figures have speculated on what “the good life” truly is.
This attack came in the form of the construction of an ideal society in which justice reigned supreme, since Plato believed justice to be the remedy for curing these evils. After criticizing the conventional theories of justice presented differently by Cephalus, Polymarchus, Thrasymachus and Glaucon, Plato gives us his own theory of justice according to which, individually, justice is a 'human virtue' that makes a person self-consistent and good; socially, justice is a social consciousness that makes a society internally harmonious and good. According to Plato, justice is a sort of specialization. Plato in his philosophy gives very important place to the idea of justice. He used the Greek word "Dikaisyne" for justice which comes very near to the work 'morality' or 'righteousness', it properly includes within it the whole duty of man.
The answer lies in virtue. In particular, "human good turns out to be activity of the soul in accordance with virtue," (Aristotle, Ethics Book I). While some may think wealth is the final end, i... ... middle of paper ... ...tuous actions performed our citizenry lead Thebes towards eudaimonia, any force to the contrary, even the actions of Creon (the sovereign), would deter from societies' happiness. Like Socrates professed in word and deed, our country's physical and moral well being takes precedence over all other matters. In this case, finding Antigone not guilty will protect both of these necessities towards a good life.
In Plato’s Republic Book 1, Thrasymachus argues that morality is the advantage of the stronger. To support his view, Thrasymachus first claims that the governments, which are the stronger parties, always pass laws based on their own interest, and then argues that subjects must always obey these laws, therefore morality is the advantage of the stronger. Socrates gives two sets of counter arguments. First, by differentiating apparent advantage and actual advantage to the stronger, Socrates argues that the obedience to the laws by the subjects can be occasionally not in the actual interest of the rulers. Second, by claiming that all craftsmen only consider the welfare of the recipients of expertise instead of their own interest, Socrates asserts that a ruler, having an expertise of ruling, also only cares about the interest of the ruled, and thus morality is the advantage of the weaker.
The role of virtue in Plato’s Republic is to give structure to the ideal State. This is because it is argued that, man, left to his own convictions and outwardly just will give into the temptation to be unjust when it benefits him and when he has certainty he will not be caught. In Book IV Plato, through Socrates as a character discusses the virtues that make up this ideal State; they are wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice.Wisdom, courage, and temperance are attributed to three classes that make up the State. Wisdom is attributed to the Guardian class, Courage is attributed to the Warrior class, and Temperance is attributed to the Artisan class. The class structure resembles a triangle divided into three sections where at the top the fewest members of the ideal state belong to the Guardian class.
Even the masses of people together, they do realize no matter how many or how strong they 're, there 're stronger masses than them. But Plato didn 't point that out. Despite the fact he used what Callicles said to prove his point, and despite his agreement on might being wiser is a common ground between him and Callicles. Because according to Plato those who seek knowledge and obtain some will always be good since knowledge is the true good. In a perfect world what he said is true But in a human world it 's not.
Plato also made his beliefs heard when Socrates makes the claim, “Then our job as founders... is to compel the best natures to go to the study which we were saying before is the greatest, to see the good and to go up that ascent" (Republic 519). Plato signifies the importance of a city embodying moral excellence. This constant strive for justice walks hand in hand with happiness; when the focus is reverted from material and bodily temptations such as wealth and power to the idea of justice and morality. The definitions
In this essay, I argue that it is better to lead a life of justice than a life of injustice. In The Republic of Plato, Socrates sets out to determine what justice is. He and a group of his peers discuss justice, its core tenants, and what it means to lead a just life. Socrates is then accosted by three of his peers. Their argument is that the man who leads a life of injustice will be happier, make more profits, and succeed in life more than the man who is just.