This transformation follows an organic movement of the complex plot from the beginning, middle, to the end of the drama while keeping the tragic hero consistent and also real. As the play moves on the audience feels pity for the tragic hero as well as fear for themselves as they watch the event taking place on stage. Othello can be seen as one of Shakespeare’s greatest tragedies, because it follows the guidelines set up by Aristotle’s Poetics. As Aristotle’s Poetics states; a tragedy is an imitation of an action of men that is serious and also having magnitude that arouse pity and fear where with to accomplish the catharsis of those emotions. With this definition of a tragedy he also stated the components of the tragedy, ranking them in importance.
Through his studies, Aristotle formulated, Poetics, his very own book explaining his theory on tragedy. Aristotle defined tragedy as the “imitation of action according to the “law of probability or necessity” (“Outline of Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy."). For William Shakespeare, tragedy was a literary genre that he as an author had skillfully mastered. Shakespeare understood the complexity of tragedy which he demostrated in brilliant literary works such as Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet, and Othello. Shaksespeare was able to captivate his audiences for.
"Romeo and Juliet" was part of this series along side other well-known titles such as "Othello" and "Macbeth". It was based on Arthur Brooke's poem, "The tragicall historye of Romeus and Juliet". Brooke's version was long and insipid, but Shakespeare's genius as a language craftsman made it powerfully vivid. What makes "Romeo and Juliet" a great tragedy? To know this we must review the definition of what a tragedy is.
Before Shakespeare started writing, there was a great playwright called Aristotle, who had his own definition of the tragic genre. He believed tragedy was, "the imitation of an action that is seriousâ€¦ with incidents arousing pity and fear, where with to accomplishâ€¦its catharsis of such emotions... ... middle of paper ... ...moron's used in the first scene in act 1; would be "Cold fire", and "Sick Health". These are used when Romeo is explaining to Benvolio about Rosaline. Through his eyes he thinks it is real love but through Shakespeare we find out that it is jus merely a crush. Romeo and Juliet is a tragic play which I believe did change expectations as it is very common and well known.
According to Aristotle’s Poetics, a tragedy must involve a reversal of fortune of the main character. This character must be of great character and dignity so that his downfall is all the more spectacular which leads to the audience feeling pity and fear; two essential traits required for a drama to be defined as a tragedy. This downfall is triggered by a fatal mistake, or as Aristotle defined, Hamartia. One wouldn’t expect all these qualities to be detected within two mere soliloquies; the entire work is what makes a tragedy. However, the whole work can only be approached through analysis of individual elements and two of these elements are the soliloquies in Act I Scene 2 and Act III Scene 1.
All aspects of the plot and characters perfectly follow way Aristotle defined. The plot follows the events that need to occur and the main characters have a flaw. Pity and fear is felt for the characters throughout the play. Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare is a true Aristotelian tragedy because of the characters, plot, and the fact that it triggers pity and fear. Romeo and Juliet is a true Aristotelian tragedy because the characters have tragic flaws, an anagnorisis, and the affects of minor characters.
Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, is the epitome of classic Tragedy, as defined by Aristotle (96-101). Here, Oedipus falls from kingship to blindness and exile. Drama’s other great genre, Comedy, is represented by the laughing actors’ mask. In Comedy the action is usually propelled by a problem or crisis of some sorts, but unlike tragedy it usually ends well. Lysistrata, written by Aristophanes, is a perfect example of classic Comedy.
Oedipus is endowed mostly all tragic characteristics that qualify him for a model tragic hero. He is the son of the queen Iokaste and King Laios, whi... ... middle of paper ... ...milarly, if we take Oedipus' downfall as fated, the tragic value of the play will be enriched since the Catharsis will be intensified. Catharsis means the evocation of two elements in the spectators: pity and fear. A natural audience has more pity for a man whose tragic end is to a great extent fateful rather than for a man whose bad deeds bring about his downfall. Intensifying pity means a Catharsis with a stronger effect and naturally a bonus for the success of the play since achieving Catharsis is a major purpose of any tragedy.
The construction of Ahab as the tragic hero-villain, his madness and blasphemous behaviour, the Shakespearean dramatic technique, the Shakespearean language and parallel scenes are the things which Melville borrows from Shakespeare. Though the portrayal of character and the construction of the novel are Shakespearean, the novel’s greatness lies in its originality. Melville creates Ahab in the model of a Shakespearean tragic hero. Melville’s conception of Ahab as a tragic character was made possible by this immersion in Shakespearean tragedy. Shakespearean tragic heroes, for example Macbeth and Lear are blinded by hubris or pride.
Subcomponents of a tragic play, they should have six parts plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle and song. Literature and human nature, according to Aristotle our qualities are determined by our characters. A perfect tragedy should imitate a complex action while leading a good man to misfortune by error this is the tragic flaw. Completeness of work i.e. unity of work and time the key qualities are it should have a beginning middle and an end.