Negotiation, as we’ve learned, is the process of communicating where parties can discuss problems and/or targets and attempt to solve them via dialogue in order to reach a resolution. While many individuals feel successful negotiations are due to a natural skill, the truth behind reaching a prime agreement is preparation. You need to know the issue, know yourself, and know your party. This type of preparation also includes knowing your needs and limits, understanding what the other party wants and anticipating their limits, asking the right questions, and being creative in your counteroffers.
Good preparation allows you to strategize with the ability to think quickly in the negotiation room. There are several different formats and styles of negotiations. The use of a certain style depends on elements such as the strength of the relationship, the urgency of the situation, the intricacy of the issues, and the content of the negotiation. Each format and style has its own strengths and weaknesses and can be strategically used in various types of situations. As mentioned, the preparation of a successful negation is necessary, especially concerning your BATNA. We have been able to explore such preparation and methods by participating and conducting negotiations with our peers. The following negotiation studies proved to have their own dynamic, thus accounting for a different preparation and negotiation tactic for each. …show more content…
The BioPharm-Seltek case is designed to show how a negotiation is setup and understand the basic principles. In this context, the case is orientated so that a positive zone of possible agreements exists. This means that both parties have reservation prices that fall within each other. A reservation price is the absolute lowest/highest a party would sell/buy
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My negotiation style questionnaire indicated that my negotiation style was collaborating and accommodating. In addition, I will not avoid negotiation. I felt the result was reasonable because I like negotiation and have never avoided negotiation when I have a chance. I always try to enlarge the size of the pie to be negotiated. However, the class taught me I sometimes accommodated too much and missed a chance to create value in the end. One of the reasons is that I am afraid of getting nothing and overly cautious. This leads me to compromise before maximizing the pie. I believe I can take more risks to create value.
In order to estimate the possible impacts of introducing Oxyglobin as a major product, it was assumed that Biopure would be able to produce and sell its full capacity of 300,000 units per year. As can be seen in Exhibit 1, the results of such an aggressive marketing strategy would yield a positive gross margin of between 49% and 66%, assuming the product was sold at a price of $100 to $150 per unit.
Bargaining and negotiation are part of everyday lives and in the case of Smith and Fischer an initial bargain agreement was established. BATNA or Best alternative to a negotiated agreement is defined as the best method that can be used to convince...
There are statements within the personal bargaining inventory questionnaire that strongly display/dispute my bargaining values. Awareness is power is something I am very in tuned with. The essence of determining the relative power of the parties in a negotiation depends less on how powerful each party is in any absolute sense than on how badly each party needs or fears the other. This is where the concept of BATNA (Best Alternative To a Negotiated Agreement) proves useful. If one has a number of attractive alternatives to a deal with one’s opponent, one has great power regardless of the tremendous resources that the other side might have within its control (Adler, R. and Silverstein, E., 2000). Understanding where the other person is coming from is critical during negotiation. A key point is that if you feel the other party is reasonable do not strive for conceding to quickly because you still may miss opportunities to create value. Empathizing with the other side and asserting ...
Lewicki et, al. 2011, identifies ten best practices for improving negotiation skills. The best practices include practical, action oriented solutions such as preparation, identifying negotiation structure, recognizing the best alternative to a negotiated agreement (BATNA) and learning negotiation paradoxes. They are also comprised of less tangible practices including being aware of intangibles and willing to walk away, as well as actively managing alliances, recognizing that fair and rationality are relative, the criticality of reputation and finally, continuing to learn (Lewicki et, al.
Negotiation is a fundamental process used in resolving conflicts, making business deals, and in managing working relationships with others. Negotiations occur for two reasons: (1) to resolve a problem or dispute between parties, or (2) to create something new that neither party could do on its own.
Negotiations styles are scholastically recognized as being broken down into two general categories and those are distributive bargaining styles and integrative negotiation styles. Distributive bargaining styles of negotiation are understood to be a competitive type of negotiation. “Distributive bargaining, also known as positional bargaining, negotiating zero-sum, competitive negotiation, or win-lose negotiation, is a type or style of negotiation in which the parties compete for the distribution of a fixed amount of value” (Business Blog Reviews, 2011). This type of negotiation skill or style approach might be best represented in professional areas such as the stock market where there is a fixed goal in mind or even in a garage sale negotiation where the owner would have a specific value of which he/she would not go below. In contrast, an integrative negotiation approach/style is that of cooperative bargaining, or win-win types ...
Most of the common activities in our daily life present an opportunity to negotiate, whether or not we realise it. Meta-reflecting upon my negotiation experiences during the class and other activities have led me to identify few common themes. In this assignment, the two themes I will be discussing are (1) the importance of being clear on the strategic intent and big picture thinking, and (2) the importance of managing the negotiation process through understanding the various phases and visualising negotiation as a train journey.
This negotiation took place between the Chief Officer of a US based company (BioPharm) and a small company (Seltek). BioPharm is operating in the pharmaceutical industry. It wants to buy or build a plant in the US to manufacture a new product called Depox. The main goal of our group as negotiators is to play the role of BioPharm to buy a plant belonged to Seltek. It is on sale. This plant is the most appropriate choice for BioPharm for a number of reasons, namely to save time and cost of building a new plant because the Seltek’s plant is running and gets the FDA approval. Besides, it also has a highly experienced workforce, which can help us reduce the cost and the time for recruiting and training new employees.
McCarthy, A. (n.d.). 10 rules of negotiation. Negotiation Skills. Retrieved March 31, 2014, from http://www.negotiation-skills.org
Meaningful communication between two or more individuals rarely leads to 100% agreement between all parties involved. More commonly, there are disagreements on certain points. In a close relationship like a marriage, which is also a partnership; in a strong business relationship; or in a hostage situation, these disagreements must be worked out satisfactorily for both sides in order for the relationship to remain healthy and/or the outcome to be positive. When the parties must reach an agreement or a compromise, one of the best communication strategies is negotiation.
...w to apply these tactics into practice. Understanding the meaning of each tactics is just the first stage, flexibility in the use of appropriate tactics in future issues is more important. Besides, I need to make a detailed plan before the negotiation. Firstly, analyzing the interests, perspectives and weak points of the opposite side and selecting suitable tactics. Secondly, preparing several response strategies will help me to control the situations. Thirdly, setting the minimum level what I can agree on the issue is also essential part of negotiation.
During this course, I have learned a lot about negotiating. We learned about almost every negotiating technique there is. We learned about cross-cultural negotiations, body language, Best Alternative To a Negotiated Agreement (BATNA), variables in negotiating, and many more. Before this course, I did not know that much about negotiating. I thought that negotiating was just about trading or convincing someone to give you what you want and you did not care about the other side, resulting in a win-lose. I now know that negotiating is about getting what you want, but also giving the other side what they want as well to result in a win-win. This paper is about how I am going to improve my negotiating skills over the next six months. In order for me to improve my negotiating skills, I believe I need to improve the following skills- my body language, communication, planning, and my interpersonal communications. By improving those skills, I can become an effective negotiator.
Negotiating styles are grouped into five types; Competing, Collaborating, Comprising, Avoidance, and Accommodating (Colburn, 2010). Even though it is possible to exhibit different parts of the five types of negation styles in different situations, can see that my tendencies seem to default to, Compromise and Accommodating. In reviewing the course work and reviewing my answers for Questionnaire 1 and 5, I find that the data reflects the same assumption. The accommodating profile is one where relationship perseveration is everything and giving what the other side wants is the route to winning people over. Accommodators are well liked by their colleagues and opposite party negotiators (Colburn, 2010). When analyzing my accommodating tenancy in negations, I find often it is easier to give into the demands when they are within a reasonable range. I often consider it the part of providing a high level of customer service. It has been my experience that continued delaying and not coming to an agreement in a topic will only shorten the window in which you will have to meet the request since. The cons to this style are by accommodating highly competitive styles the accommodator can give up to much ground in the process. “Giving away value too easily too early can signal to your negotiation counterpart that you've very deep pockets, and your gift is just a taster of bigger and better gifts to come”. The other negations type I default to is compromising. Compromising “often involves splitting the difference; usually resulting in an end position of about half way between both parties’ opening positions” (Colburn, 2010). In the absence of a good rationale or balanced exchanged concessions, half way betwee...
Negotiation is the process enacted by two or more parties, to resolve a difference and ideally create a solution benefiting all involved parties. Negotiation is all about knowledge, strategies, your preferred stance taken in the process, how much concession you can afford to yield, and what your ultimate goal is. Is your goal to take all the share and value of the available resources? Or are you the kind of person/company that is willing to take the extra mile to create equal value for both parties, ultimately adding value to the relationship? The process will always depend on the company, each team players' personality, trust and situation. A good negotiator will study their opponent, gain all knowledge needed and be able to adapt to the nature of the deal in short notice. We use the method of negotiation to solve problems and disputes taking place in business, government, between countries, and even in our day-to-day life, such as marriage and divorce, parenting and family.