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An African American Pioneer

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William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an African American born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts on February 23, 1868 (Bois). The pronunciation of his mane is Due Boyss, with the accent on the last syllable (Lewis). Most of what is known about his life comes from his personal account, whose compelling prose recreations of the town, the times, the races, and of his own family are monuments in American history. (Lewis). Williams’s education was superior for the time, after graduating as valedictorian from his local high school; he earned his first bachelor’s degree in sociology from Fisk University in 1888. His education and accreditation continued to grow with him and in 1895 he earned his doctorate in history from Harvard University and his dissertation, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States, was published in 1896 as the first volume of Harvard Historical Studies. During 1894 through 1896 he became a teacher at Wilberfoce University, a black Methodist college in Ohio, where he met his wife, Nina Gormer. As a result of his increasing social and political awareness he helped organize the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In 1903 he published The Soul of Black Folk, where he delineated, his social and political theory in a twofold basis: “The Talented Tenth” and “double consciousness.” His conventional opinion and left-wing politics forced an early retirement form Atlanta University and created tension that would finally get him fired from the NAACP in 1944. He passed away on August 27, 1963, but until his death he continued to publish prolific poetry, novels, history books and essays committed to racial issues. (Gallego).
Dr. Du Bois made significant achievements throughout his li...

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...f its first century.. New York: International Publishers, 1968. Print.
"Du Bois In Our Time." Massachusetts Review 54.3 (2013): 480-503. Literary Reference Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
Gallego, Mar. "W. E. B. Du Bois." The American Mosaic: The African American Experience. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
HOPE FRANKLIN, JOHN. "W. E. B. Du Bois." Massachusetts Review 54.3 (2013): 381-398. Literary Reference Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
Lewis, David L.. W.E.B. DuBois: the fight for equality and the American century, 1919-1963.. New York: Henry Holt, 2001. Print.
Ray, Deirdre. "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People." The American Mosaic: The African American Experience. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
"W. E. B. Du Bois: The Souls of Black Folk excerpt (1903)." The American Mosaic: The African American Experience. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
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