With 7,000 registered historic buildings standing as testimony to its rich architectural heritage, Amsterdam is known as one of Europe’s premier architecture and design cities. Being one of the finest planned cities in northern Europe, it is a haven for architectural connoisseurs. The city has also been recognized for its contribution in the organic development of modern architecture. The Canal Rings are one of the most prominent features of Amsterdam’s architecture and a UNESCO World Heritage Listed site. They are essentially a concentric ring of canals built during the 17th century and have since been the icons of urban planning and architecture.
Without a great architect who was ahead of his time, Buffalo would just not be as charming as a city. Frank Lloyd Wright made great contributions to places all over the United States and even overseas. Buffalo is lucky enough to be home to several of Wright’s many designs and creations. Not only did Frank Lloyd Wright design houses, he was the architect of the Larkin Administration Building, which was his first major commercial commission ever to be built (Frank Lloyd Wright’s Martin House Complex). The Darwin Martin House complex, the Graycliff Estate, a boathouse mausoleum on the Erie Basin Marina, and several private homes for Larkin Soap Company executives, were all built in Buffalo.
Architecture has changed immensely throughout the course of history. I will start of by saying architecture is the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. Therefore that said we have improved our way of building structures to make them last and look magnificent. All through this essay I will discuss how architecture has changed throughout history in four sections. The first section will cover architecture from the 10,000 B.C.E to 1 C.E.
For much of the last millennia many great architects have looked upon the Pantheon as a staple of classical architecture, as well as a model for many modern day buildings. Created by the Romans, the Pantheon would use many elements better than any other works of architecture to that time. No further than Columbia Missouri is this evident in the construction of what used to be known as the First Academic Building on the University of Missouri campus. The Architects Bell and Binder headed the creation of the new building after the First Academic Building burnt down in 1892. Known today as Jesse Hall, this modern day work of architecture pulls many elements from the Pantheon to create a unique work of public space.
Civil engineering is the planning and building of infrastructure that benefits civilization. It was developed during the Ancient Era, when the Egyptian architect Imhotep designed Egypt's first pyramid, the pyramid of Djoser. This accomplishment was so significant during that time period that Imhotep was granted the honorable title of a deity. He is accredited with being the first civil engineer for this feat, as well as for his design of the first columns. Columns were an integral part of many structures built during that era, such as the Karnak temple, which is “the largest temple complex ever built by man” (www.touregypt.net).
During the middle ages, most buildings and structures were constructed for a specific purpose, for example, houses, churches, statues, etc., but a castle’s main purpose, on the other hand, was very dependent on the occupier. Castles have been used throughout history as a military base, stronghold, household, and as a seat of government, and have been built over many generations and time periods. They have also been found all throughout the world. How have these monuments changed over time and how does the architecture of these castles compare to others of during the middle ages? The Normans were responsible for the development of Castles in England during the middle ages.
Roman architecture was responsible for developing many different building styles and techniques and the creation of various new ones. Ancient Rome expanded quickly from a small town (founded in 753bc) situated on the Tiber River, to an empire with one fifth of the world’s population under its control. This displayed the strength that they possessed, and the control of many different cultures led to the acquisition of a range of typologies. The result of the architectural influence of other nations (mainly the Greeks and the Etruscans) led to many great masterpieces of art and building design. The Romans took many pre-existing ideals and developed them into new technologies and ways of living; architecture is just one of these developments.
Beautiful and grand mosques make the major part of Islamic history of architecture. Different great mosques were created in different times, which were unique in their own ways because of their distinctive designs, material and location. Each mosque depicts the era in which it was built and the kind of architecture prevailing during that particular period. The Great Mosque of Algiers is considered of one of the greatest mosques ever built. Although, a lot of modification has been done in the mosque but still it is one of the greatest works of architecture on earth.
Throughout his 70 year career, Wright has not only designed nearly a thousand structures, but he has explored the ideas of living space, landscape, and the relationship between architecture and community. Frank Lloyd Wright left behind a legacy of beautiful houses and buildings, an American style of architecture, and an example of what it means to live life based on the way things should be, not the way they are. He created some of the most monumental and intimate spaces in America. He designed everything: banks and resorts, office buildings and churches, a filling station and a synagogue, a beer garden and an art museum. Frank Lloyd Wright’s life truly was a work of art.
The Westminster Abbey, previously known as the Collegiate Church of St. Peter at Westminster is a major historical landmark in Brittan. This “Royal Peculiar” has been around for approximately over 900 years, throughout which it had undergone several renovations and reconstructions, leading to the present gothic style it possesses. It functions as the site of burial and coronation of both British and English monarchs. Throughout time the hall had been at center of wars and controversy leading to renovations and restorations that resulted in how it looks to date. In this paper I am going to delve into some of the history that helped mold this magnificent wonder of gothic architecture into the building it is today.