With credit harder to get, consumers have cut back on their spending, which is very bad for the economy since around 72% of economic activity comes from consumers (Gross 2). Retail sales dropped .4% in December, which is disturbing because usually December is the biggest month for retailers. Other factors that show the economy is slipping are that inflation was at 4.1% in December and has steadily been rising (Fox 3). In 2007, food prices rose almost 5% and gas prices rose almost 30% from the year before. Unemployment rates also went up above 5% this month, which is the highest they have been in over 2 years (Fox 3-4).
As major industries increased, the percent of profits going to consumers was to small to create adequate market for the goods the economy was producing. A third major problem was the credit structure of the economy. Farmers were greatly in debt, and crop prices were extremely low. Small banks were in trouble, many customers defaulting on their loans. Big banks were in trouble as well, many investing recklessly in the stock market then losing it all when the stock market crashed in 1929.
This economic turmoil started with home loans and the credit card industry. We have a generation that never understood how to use credit properly and we now have higher claims of bankruptcy than we have ever had as a nation. The recession started because our nation was growing too fast for itself, people were taking out loans for homes they could not afford and the banks were letting them. We also have had a huge credit issue lately; I have even seen it personally with my parents, their interest’s rates have all gone up. Real credit cards, not debit with a credit logo, are a huge responsibility, which many people have proven they cannot handle.
On the following Tuesday the stock market fell and the market was not able to get back up. This day is forever known as “Black Tuesday,” and the official start of the Great Depression. The speculation and the resulting stock market crash acted as the trigger for the already unstable United States economy. Due to the maldistribution of wealth and the unstable economy of the 1920’s, the nation headed into a decade of trouble. In response to its economic difficulties, the United States set up even higher trade barriers with other nations, causing more trouble within the nation.
As the Middle East approached the 1970’s, it experienced serious turmoil. The region was becoming ridden with disagreement and panic to obtain and protect oil resources. With this increasing demand and the supplies rapidly decreasing there was the impending doom of an “energy crisis”. President Nixon in an attempt to decrease pressure, abolished oil quotas in 1973. Meanwhile in the Middle East, the pressure was mounting to make an agreement and make the oil companies comply with the outcomes.
But when banks started to crash that is when people started to panic and was trying to get their money back, millions of Americans lost fortunes. This caused companies to lose their values and no longer be able to afford to stay in business. William C. Durant joined the Rockefeller family and other financial giants to buy big stocks to prove to the people their assurance in the market but they failed to stop decline in prices. According to the website Globalyceum, US gross domestic product, in 1929 $103.6 billion, in 1930 $91.2, in 1931 $76.5, in 1932 $58.7, in 1933 $56.4. The total size of the American economy, restrained by gross local product, suddenly dropped following the crash on Wall Street from $103.6 billion to $66
Increasing numbers of workers in Western nations are engaged in low-paid casual or part-time or temporary contract work, or are beset by economic insecurity. For many, this has meant that planning for the future is out of the question. Relentless restructurings and ruthless downsizings in both private and public sectors are driving more and more people into unemployment or marginal employment. While Western economies are growing quite strongly as the century draws to a close, those workers who are not yet unemployed are either actually insecure and relatively impoverished, or justifiably anxious. This is part of wider trend to increased economic inequality.
The effects of the Wall Street Crash were felt all around America as people starved, businesses became bankrupt and unemployment rose. This era was known as the Great Depression and would last for another ten to twenty years. In the short term, rich investors lost great deals of money. Whilst, poorer investors, who had borrowed ‘on the margin’, could not repay their loans and thus became bankrupt. After a while, these incidents began to affect the American public.
This insecurity caused families to feel ashamed and hopeless. Mark Wheeler describes how the downturn resulted in severe inflation of the consuming population’s wealth and income (66). Families that were once wealthy, now found themselves without money. Wheeler comments that after the crash, the economy was left “saddled with excess capacity and inadequate demand” (66). This forced factories to lay off workers, which led to a dramatic increase in unemployment rates and sent the economy plummeting.
Another cause of this decline are the growing interest rates that are being driven up to combat the malevolent inflation. As stated in the 2000 Budjet report, “major central banks started to raise interest rates earlier this year.” These interest rates are driving families further into debt. Thus, people are losing their homes, cars, and so much more, all in the name of globalization. The governments priorities are becoming forgotten and replaced with the great game of monopoly. Volatile Markets Volatile markets are yet another pri... ... middle of paper ... ...t be blinded by these short-term gains.