After September 11, 2001, terrorism took center stage in the debate among security studies, international relations, and foreign policy specialists over a grand strategy for the US in the post-cold war era. The characteristics of international terrorism emphasize the fact that counterterrorism will require strenuous efforts. In contrast to warfare and public order problems, governments engaged in the battle against terrorism have to deal with opponents who do not observe any rule or convention. Terrorists wage an asymmetrical war. They do not attack state organizations but society and particularly innocent citizens. Contrary to groups that put public order to the test, they avoid confrontation with the national institutions responsible for maintaining law and order. The United States of America is committed to emerging victorious in the war against terrorism. This commitment has been demonstrated through funding, the federal government has dedicated a lot of money to fighting terrorism; this money has been channeled through the Department of Homeland Security to advance the war against terrorism (Memon, 2009).
For the past fifty years or so, Americans have had the great fortune of living safely in a relatively peaceful world. That perspective changed the moment a commercial airplane slammed into the World Trade Center on the morning of September 11th. Terrorists killed over 6,000 American citizens within a few hours. Suddenly, life as America knew it changed. Many stood in disbelief when they saw the joyous reactions of people cheering on the streets of Palestine. Our nation came to realize that we were truly hated, and that terrorist regimes rejoiced in our pain. The leader of one such a regime, Osama bin Laden, became America's clearly defined worst enemy. A war has begun between bin Laden and his terrorist followers, and all people who believe in freedom. Osama Bin Laden and the terrorists were unjustified in attacking America, and cannot rationally legitimize their actions. Evidence of this, as well as a better understanding of their reasoning, can be found through examination of President Bush's speech to the nation given on September 20th, and through examining additional information on Osama and his terrorist followers.
September 11: War Against Terrorism is Necessary
On the fateful morning of September 11, 2001, few of us knew that the history of America, let alone our individual lives, was dramatically and permanently changing. As the day progressed, Americans, one by one, were dumbfounded at the events that had occurred. This is by no means the first terrorist attack in the history of the world.
History is written from the tragedies that occur through time. Wars, plagues, famines, and economic crises punctuate references in history books. We refer to time in pre and post event terms, and how our thinking has changed since the occurrence. We measure our lives in relation to deep sorrow that causes us to reconsider our self worth and the lives we lead. There have been several of these happenings in this century, pre world war I, post world war I, the depression era, post world war II, the Cold War, the post cold war, and now we have post September 11th. A new tragedy has been identified as a cause for us to reconsider our place in the world. This new tragedy is distinctive because it took place on U.S. territory and nowhere else. It has global effects, but this tragedy is the United States’ own to grapple with. The reason for this lies in the nature of the attack.
The attacks of 9/11 have reshaped and changed the way how Americans live today, forever. Never before such shock and terror has been felt by anyone on the American soil.
War on Terror
The rebels from Afghanistan against Soviet occupation formed a Muslim extremist group and called for a jihad in the 1990s. Young Osama bin Laben emerged as a war hero at this time and successfully founded a new organization named al-Qaeda, later known as a terrorist base of operations. On September 11, 2001, under the coordination of al-Qaeda, four passenger airliners were hijacked by 19 trained Muslim terrorists and struck into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in suicide attacks, causing enormous devastation that ruined the lives of many. Following the attacks, on October 7, 2001, President Bush addressed to the American nation regarding the U.S. military administration reacting to the al-Qaeda network in order to “drive them out and bring them into justice” (Bush speech) in response to the tragic happenings on September 11.
September 11, 2001 started off as a beautiful, sunny day, like many other countless days in America; however, it will now be a day that will live on in infamy. As the news played the shot of the planes driving into the sides of the twin towers, fear was driven into the hearts of all Americans. People became panicked and demanded that there be a better way for the United States government to protect its people from any future attacks the terrorist might have planned. This fear was the main contributing factor to the birth of all kinds of new legislation, giving the government new rights to “fight the terrorist.”
September 11, 2001 was one of the most devastating and horrific events in the United States history. Americans feeling of a secure nation had been broken. Over 3,000 people and more than 400 police officers and firefighters were killed during the attacks on The World Trade Center and the Pentagon; in New York City and Washington, D.C. Today the term terrorism is known as the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives (Birzer, Roberson). This term was clearly not defined for the United States for we had partial knowledge and experience with terrorist attacks; until the day September 11, 2001. At that time, President George W. Bush, stated over a televised address from the Oval Office, “Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve.” President Bush stood by this statement for the United States was about to retaliate and change the face of the criminal justice system for terrorism.
The United States and Terrorism
Thesis: The United States government chose not to fully investigate the known increase in terrorist activity prior to 9/11/01.
A. The United States government chose not to fully investigate the known increase in terrorist activity prior to 9/11/01. There were many instances of terrorism that were directly related to larger terrorist cell organizations but these organizations were not held responsible for the atrocities done in their terrorist cell names. From as early as the 1970's till now there has been hundreds and hundreds of terrorists attack around the world. Many of the more detrimental attacks have been against American embassies across the world and against American civilians, such as kidnappings and murders.
Ever since the beginning of the terrorist attacks on American soil, the War on Terror has been involved in the lives of Americans and nations near us. The War on Terror’s background originated through conflicts between warring countries in the Middle East; U.S. involvement started when a terrorist guided plane crashed into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 in New York City. The attack was suspected to be the work of the middle-eastern terrorist group Al-Qaeda. The U.S. military, under the leadership of then commander-in-chief George W. Bush, declared a “War on Terror” on the terrorist group and the fighting began.