Prange, Gordon W. with Goldstein, Donald M. and Dillon, Katherine V. Dec. 7 1941 The Day the Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1988. Stinnett, Robert B. Day of Deceit: the truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor. New York: Free Press, 2000.
Investigation into these elements as well as records of public opinion withheld before and after the attack will determine if ignorance towards and favorable opinions of the Japanese were influenced solely by the government. B: Summary of Evidence On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy led an attack on the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor Hawaii. The same day US Attorney General Francis Biddle directed the Federal Bureau of Investigation to arrest any suspected enemy aliens, and by the end of the day 737 Japanese civilians were arrested without trial. On December 8, the United States declared war on Japan and was brought into World War Two. Following the attack a great fear of more attacks by the Japanese swept over United States citizens.
Roosevelt also told the Commanders on base that negotiations between the U.S. and Japan were being discussed and there was not going to be a war (Bachrach). Isoroku Yamamoto was Japan’s commander in chief. He took part in many changes of the Imperial J... ... middle of paper ... ...at the congress declare a state of war.” The senate approved, but one congressman objected. It was only three days later when Germany and Italy had declared war on the United States of America. The attack on Pearl Harbor left the U.S. with no choice but to join World War II (“Japanese Bombs Pearl Harbor.” Pearl Harbor.).
Ienaga, Saburō. The Pacific War, 1931-1945: A Critical Perspective on Japan's Role in World War II. New York: Pantheon, 1978. Print. Lord, Walter.
Co.ISBN 0-929521-40-4. Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy (1941–1945). US Naval Institute Press. Evans, David; Peattie, Mark R. (1997).
"Midway thrust the warlords back on their heels, caused their ambitious plans..........to be canceled, and forced on them an unexpected, unwelcome, defensive role". -Samuel Elliot Morison, the United States Navy's official historian of World War II, on the Battle of Midway in June 1942. The danger of Japanese power in the Pacific lingered over the heads of the Americans and endangered the safety of their homeland in the years from 1903 to 1942. That power lasted until the Japanese made the mistake of attacking the island of Midway in the second great carrier battle of the war. At 4:30 in the morning on June 4, 1942, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Midway in an attempt to destroy their aircraft carriers that escaped Pearl Harbor.
The nation proceeded to declare war on Japan. Then, because of the alliance between Germany and Japan, Germany declared war on the U.S. At the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president. From the beginning of his presidency and the start of the war, he had wanted to get involved with the war. Historians have debated for many years who is at fault for the attack on Pearl Harbor and causing the deaths of two thousand Americans. He believed that without the United States aid, Russia and England would collapse, and the United States government had broken a diplomatic code and intercepted a message from Japan threatening war.
Japan really planned and implemented the attack on Pearl Harbor. United States was caught off guard by the bombing. United States was really shaken up by the whole thing. We weren’t expecting such a thing from the Japanese. United States eventually joined the Allied Forces with World War 2.
Many wonder why Japan attacked the United States in the first place. There was a lot that led up to the attack, the attack itself and, seventy years after the attack. The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the greatest naval operations in history and some people still want to know why Japan attacked. One reason is “the U.S. placed an embargo on Japan by prohibiting exports of steel, scrap iron and aviation fuel to Japan, due to Japan’s takeover of northern French Indonesia (“Pearl Harbor History…”).” In addition, some believed war was unavoidable between the U.S. and Japan. For example “Isoruko Yamamoto, commander of Japan’s combined fleets, believed war was inevitable between his nation and the U.S. (Lee).” Yamamoto was determined to cripple the American navy in order to succeed in defeating the enemies of Japan.
These areas included: Hong Kong, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Wake Island, and Midway Island. President Roosevelt then asked congress for a formal declaration of war against the Japanese Empire for their “unprovoked and dastardly attack”. This declaration would also be the last formal declaration of war by congress. President Roosevelt gave a compelling speech that day, and was able to understand the hurt and betrayal the American people and congress felt. It took only an hour for the congress to convene with a ruling and declared war on the Empire of Japan.