America's Involvement in Vietnam
From the early 1800’s up until 1931 Vietnam was controlled by France,
Frances rule was then ended as they were forced to pull out of Vietnam
due to the start of WW2, France left a ‘puppet ruler’ named Emperor
Bao Dai. This left Vietnam vulnerable to invasion which was an
opportunity Japan could not refuse and took advantage of Vietnam’s
situation by invading. This sparked the return of a well known
Vietnamese communist, Ho Chi Minh who was an exile during Frances
rein, but thanks to WW2 was able to stage his return and help battle
the Japanese and regain Vietnam’s freedom. The Marshall Plan was the
main way in which the United States for the reconstruction of Europe
following WW2. Between 1948 and 1951 the USA contributed $13 billion
(equivalent to nearly $100 billion in 2005) to 16 European Countries.
This followed President Truman’s speech in 1947.
On March 12th 1947 Harry S Truman gave his famous Doctrine speech
which proposed that the United States shall be able to offer financial
and economical support to free people who are resisting attempted
subjection by armed minorities or outside pressure. In 1949 China fell
victim to the spread of communism which was a huge blow to France and
America. America continued to provide support and aid to the French in
the form of money and weapons up until 1954 when America refused to
sign the Geneva agreement as they believed it tilted the power of
balance towards communism.
In 1954 the French suffered a humiliating defeat to the Vietminh. The
battle occurred on the top of a hill were the French had positioned
themselves at a fortified location called ...
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...965 at an American
base in Pleiku. It was infiltrated and attacked by the Vietcong. Eight
US advisors were killed and hundreds wounded. President Johnson now
had his excuse to attack Vietnam, and on the 11th February he did so
with ‘Operation Rolling Thunder’.
During 1954-1965 America became increasingly involved in the affairs
of Vietnam. This was due to a large number of factors, but mainly due
to its huge objection to communism and paired with its own interests,
such as sustaining its trade with Vietnam and varies other financial
reasons, which will have been of great value. Another less but still
very convincing and valid reason for their increased involvement was
the embarrassment of being beaten by such an unworthy advisory, which
then increased their great fear and hatred of the communist threat