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America's History Of War

Powerful Essays
This war was one of the major conflicts in history since the fall of Rome. The Seven Years War, or the French and Indian War to the American colonists, was debataIagoble that it was the first true World War. The war was fought around the world; in Europe, North America as well as India, with the conflict mainly due to ongoing hostilities and struggles of absolute rule between Great Britain and France. In 1754, a young George Washington was defeated in western Pennsylvania at Fort Necessity, and from that moment on both France and Great Britain began deploying troops, but not always equally in numbers. The war in Europe became a top priority for France; sending in just a few troops. Since sugar cane was more profitable than fur trading in New France, it was more important for France to protect its colonies in the West Indies. Great Britain was determined to destroy France’s colonial empire; sending in more than 20,000 soldiers to America. American colonists unable to defend themselves against their counterparts excelled in guerilla warfare with the help from the Native Americans. For New England, it was crucial for them to destroy New France and the allies that were preventing them from obtaining and occupying new land. France wasted no time in the war and attacked the British; Minorca Island ended up in the possession of France. France did well in the war until 1757, when the tide turned towards the British. The British won several victories, but the war was far from over; the final result depended on the defeat or victory of France. France was ultimately defeated in the end and ceded all of its territories east of the Mississippi river to England. France was humbled; but Britain’s success came at a high price; the parliament atte...

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...11, 1861, it was requested that the fort be surrendered; the request was refused. On April 12, 1861, the first shot of the war was fired from a Confederate artillery battery. Artillery fire continued through until April 13; the fort surrendered, and was evacuated on April 14. The following day Lincoln called for 75,000 men to serve for ninety days to put down the rebels, and several times that number rushed to defend the flag, and by the ordinary mechanism of government the Civil War had begun.

The proclamation by Lincoln served to polarize the yet uncommitted states into action. Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee severed their ties with the Union, unwilling to supply troops to fight against their sister Southern states. The border states of Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky, while providing soldiers to both armies, were kept under Federal control.
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