It also considered it was more important to protect its colonies in the West Indies, since sugar cane was more lucrative than the fur trade in New France (Canada). Great Britain on the other hand was determined to destroy France's colonial empire, and it sent more than 20,000 soldiers to America. It must also be noted that American colonists were unable to defend themselves against their Canadian counterparts, who, with the help the Native Americans excelled in the art of the guerilla warfare. For New England, it was imperative to obliterate New France and its Native allies, which were preventing the States from acquiring and occupying new land (New England had a very large population and sought new land to occupy and farm.) France waste no time in the war and attacked the British held island of Minorca.
In July 1755, a few miles south of Fort Duquesne, now Pittsburg where the Alegheny and Monongahela rivers meet, a combined force of French and Indians ambushed British and colonial troops. This catastrophe was to ultimately become the starting point of the French and Indian War. During the “Seven Years War”, as the French and Indian War is commonly called, there were wins and losses on both sides, but ultimately the British were victorious with the help of William Pitt. However, the War caused England many economic, political, and ideological tribulations with the American colonists. In response to a French threat to England’s western frontiers, delegates from seven northern and middle colonies gathered in Albany, New York, in June 1754.
France and England had been fighting off and on since 1066. In the seventeenth century that fighting had extended to their colonies as well, and in the eighteenth century it would escalate even more. As the century progressed their rivalry extended beyond America to India, where the two European powers fought for control of the Indian subcontinent. The final conflict, known as the Seven Years' War (1756-63) in Europe, and the French and Indian War in North America. Britain emerged victorious everywhere, winning some of the greatest military victories of her history, and claimed the rewards of those victories.
The Black Prince tried to retreat back into English territor... ... middle of paper ... ...bury, marched to Castillon, and attacked the lines of the besiegers, but were taken in flank by a sortie from the French entrenchments and totally defeated, Talbot being slain. On October 19 following, Bordeaux opened her gates to the French. Although in terms of military tactics, weapons, and organization, England was clearly superior, France was too large and heavily populated to be occupied permanently. It had been the civil war within France that had created the opportunity for English, and when the quarrel was healed, and France unites against England. It took many years to drive England all the way out of France, and the city of Calais didn't fall until the 16th century.
The Seven Years War was the first international conflict dealing with all major world powers. The majority of the issue was due to “real estate” speculation and territories surrounding the Ohio Valley (Ohio Valley, 156). Native American’s used furs and traded goods to play each power against each other ultimately resulting in war. The powers that were involved in the war fought for the support of the Native Americans in order to gain favorable lands and goods and the upper hand above the other powers. Ultimately, Native Americans were the most influential power during the war, and the relations held with them not only had affect during the war, but also had influence and led to post war struggles.
Before the revolution, the British had incurred debt from the French-Indian War and needed to raise money: they turned to the colonies as a source of income. Without colonial consent, the British started their bid to raise revenue with the Sugar Act of 1764 which increased duties colonists would have to pay on imports into America. When the Sugar Act failed, the Stamp Act of 1765 which required a stamp to be purchased with colonial products was enacted. This act angered the colonists to no limit and with these acts, the British Empire poked at the up to now very civil colonists. The passing of the oppressive Intolerable Acts that took away the colonists’ right to elected officials and Townshend Acts which taxed imports and allowed British troops without warrants to search colonist ships received a more aggravated response from the colonist that would end in a Revolution.
The French vanguard, however decided to lead the attack force without a plan. The French forces were easily defeated because of the English longbowmen. This was the first major battle leading up to the Siege of Orleans. The next major battle occurred after ten years of war at Poitiers. Edward invaded France in 1356.
Despites George’s many defeats, the Battle of Saratoga (which occurred in 1778) is what convinces and assures the French that we might have a chance at winning this revolution. It sucks to say this, but without the French’s help in the revolution, the colonist would have lost. The last battle of the revolution was the battle of Yorktown, which occurred in 1781. It was common for the British generals to surrender when they have lost a battle, and that is why general Cornwallis will surrender to George Washington’s continental army. This last battle is what determined who won the war despite George’s many failures.
American Revolution One of the most important facets of any revolution is violence. This is often a response to the heightened repression or other intolerable demands from the government against its people. The American Revolution is no exception. Following the Seven Years War, England need to recover some of their finances which were lost due to the war. Parliament achieved this by the taxation of the American colonies; the Stamp Act of 1765 is an example of this.
When President Lincoln was elected to office, several states seceded from the Union. During this war, “Over six hundred thousand men died, and hundreds of thousands more bore the scars of war.” (Russell "Civil War." Encyclopedia of American Studies) The War started in April of 1861, The country expected this war to be brief when the Confederacy only 100 miles away from Washington D.C. in Richmond Virginia. President Lincoln asked for 75,000 troops with an enlistment of only 90 days. Little did he know the war would span four years.