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America's Greatest Victories

Satisfactory Essays
At first glance the American Revolution seemed like an unwinnable war; However because of battles such as Trenton, Saratoga, and Yorktown the Americans were able to obtain a stunning victory against the strongest army in the world. Early Christmas morning 1776 over 2000 Americans were preparing to attack a hessian garrison at Trenton. The Americans fought bravely and were able to secure a substantial victory and the surrender of 1,400 hessian troops. On September 19th 1777 with the British invasion of New England in full swing the decisive battle of Saratoga began. 12,000 Americans forced the complete surrender of 6,600 British soldiers and gained a victory that was considered by many to be the turning point of the American Revolution. By 1781 the Americans had a major British army commanded by Charles Cornwallis under siege in Yorktown Virginia. The surrender of those troops had such a major impact on the war that many people incorrectly thought that October 19th (the date of the surrender) was the end of the war. The battles of Trenton, Saratoga, and Yorktown were the biggest reasons Americans were able to defeat the British in the American Revolution. Although the battle of Trenton is most known for Washington’s crossing of the Delaware River (made famous by the 1851 painting by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze) the battle itself had a tremendous impact on the war. By late 1776 the Americans were “at a low ebb”(Battle of Trenton) losing battle after battle at the hands of the British. Also around this time the one year enlistment contracts of most of his troops were expiring and because of the recent string of losses Washington knew many would not re-enlist. Washington needed a victory to boost morale and carry his army through the upc... ... middle of paper ... ...sent letters to Sir Henry Clinton in New York asking for reinforcements. Clinton did not respond to the letters leading Cornwallis to believe no reinforcements were coming. With the Americans slowly advancing and his army running low on supplies Cornwallis surrendered on October 19th 1781. Although minor skirmishes would drag on for two more years the battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution. The Treaty of Paris signed on September 3rd 1783 would give America the independence it had desired for decades. After the Battle of Trenton, Americans regained hope after their many defeats. After the Battle of Saratoga, Americans gained momentum and a new ally. After the battle of Yorktown the Americans secured the ability to look down on their enemy. Without those three crucial battles a lot more American and British lives would have been lost.