America's Energy Sources

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As many would agree, including myself, the current energy source that we Americans use needs to be replaced. The use of fossil fuels of coal and oil are a problem for many reasons, one is their negative impact on the environment when extracted and used. Another is that we rely in it being supplied from other countries, which has created problems on the geopolitical aspect. The successful development of horizontal drilling by the energy industry along with the existing technology of hydraulic fracturing was introduced after Mitchell Energy and Development Corporation experimented to make deep shale gas production a commercial reality in the Barnett Shale in North-Central Texas (U.S. EIA). This was introduced as a way to solve both problems, providing access to over 100 years’ worth of energy in the form of natural gas located thousands of feet below ground. It was believed that natural gas deposits, which burn cleaner than other fossil fuels, could be used in the meantime as a reliable tie for future clean energy. However, in recent years it has under gone increased studies as environmental groups, scientists, and citizens have expressed concerns about the real impact of hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking. Natural gas has been given importance for many reasons; one is that natural gas has been known to be the cleanest burning fossil fuel. It gives off 50% of the carbon dioxide released by coal and 25% less carbon dioxide than oil, for the same amount of energy produced (edugreen). It also contains almost none of the heavy metals that frequently accompany coal (Marsa), therefore burning it is significantly less toxic. Such features have caught the attention of environmental advocates as an alternative to current energy p... ... middle of paper ... ...2-BE between 2005 and 2009. The EPA has found this product "in drinking water wells tested in Pavillion, Wyoming. Works Cited U.S. Energy Information Administration. “Review of Emerging Resources: U.S. Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays.” Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. July 2011. Web. 11 December 2013. Edugreen.teri.res.in/explore/n_renew/oil.htm. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. Marsa, Linda. “Fracking Nation.” Discover Magazine. Kalmbach Publishing Co. May 2011. Web. 11 December 2013. Gasland. Dir. Josh Fox. 2010. Netflix. Web. 9 December 2013 Split Estate. Dir. Debra Anderson. Red Rock Pictures, 2009. Netflix. Web. 9 December 2013. Safety Measures. Corporate.exxonmobil. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 December 2013. Conservation.ca.gov.“Chemicals Used in Hydraulic Fracturing.” Washington, DC: U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy. April 2011. Web. 10 December 2013.

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