Consumption of GMOs has various health effects on both body systems of animals and humans. GMOs also affect the environment, ecosystems and other animal species. The cons outweigh the pros in the case of GMOs. According to scientists, genetically engineering crops contributes to their quality. Crops that have been genetically modified to have a particular trait can decrease the amount of herbicides needed for growing that crop.
The concern is that GMO plants are transferring their genetics, and sometimes, full GMO traits, to conventional crops. Many now fear that under-regulated GMO crops could unintentionally alter a major food source in such a way as to make it incompatible with human consumption. Pharming is the process of inserting genes that code for pharmaceutical drugs into common crops, like carrots (kraemer). If those genes were to get outside of the laboratory setting, and into our conventional carrot crops, carrots could become toxic and inedible. The first vector in which GMO crops can transfer their genes to conventional crops is through cross-pollination, where GMO plant pollen is transferred, via wind or bee pollination, to conventional cro... ... middle of paper ... ...etically Engineered Microorganisms."
With so many GE crops being grown, the crops have to go somewhere, and that somewhere is in the food consumers eat. Very many products at grocery stores and markets contain some sort of GE product with the consumer having little to no knowledge that it even contains a GE product. The reason this is controversial is because GE products can have adverse effects to the human body, these effects can include a simple allergic reaction, toxin build up in the body, and an increased risk of cancer. Without proper labeling, officials would not be able to track which product contains a GE product effectively, especially if a certain product is causing adverse health effects. Major Stakeholders Major Stakeholders of labeling GE products include, all consumers that do not grow their own food, food producers, food regulators, farmers of GE crops, and investors.
In addition to the concerns of people and animal’s well-being, the environment and farms are heavily influenced by the genetically modified foods. TRANSITION Although people have their opinions about GM foods, the general population is uneducated and may not even know about genetically modified foods. Genetic engineering (GE) is part of the field of biotechnology which is the science of gene technologies such as manipulation, engineering, and modification (Henningfield). The genetic engineers inject genes from various sources including bacteria, viruses, animals, or humans into the DNA of a crop or an animal. The organisms created are known as geneticall... ... middle of paper ... ...ce Center.
Problems With GMOs. Retrieved February 23, 2012 , from www.ehow.com: http://www.ehow.com/info_8181702_problems-gmo.html Fernandez-Cornejo, J. (2011, July 1). Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S. Retrieved February 23, 2012, from usda.gov: http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/biotechcrops/ Goldstein, K., & Emami, G. (2011, May 25). Huff Post Green.