The Cold War was a period of dark and melancholic times when the entire world lived in fear that the boiling pot may spill. The protectionist measures taken by Eisenhower kept the communists in check to suspend the progression of USSR’s radical ambitions and programs. From the suspenseful delirium from the Cold War, the United States often engaged in a dangerous policy of brinksmanship through the mid-1950s. Fortunately, these actions did not lead to a global nuclear disaster as both the US and USSR fully understood what the weapons of mass destruction were capable of.
The start of the Cold war is dated in 1947, two years after Hitler’s death and the freedom of Europe. This post-World War II era was one of much conflict and disagreement. The opposing forces were the United States and the USSR. The United States representing democracy, and the Soviets representing communism. The tension and conflict between the two world powers had been steadily escalating. During the early years of the Cold War, military action was the only conceivable response to a threat. Triggered by the Ghos...
Throughout the Cold War, Korean War, and Vietnam War the main problem was communism. Although the United States and the Soviet Union were allies in World War Two, during the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union were known as enemies. The Soviet leaders bragged to other nations that communism would “scrape apart” free-enterprise systems around the world. This attitude angered the capitalists which led into the fifty year Cold War. The United States tried creating many tactics and strategies to contain the “bleeding” of communism, but during the cold war, communism spread faster then it could be restrained. The United States used the Marshall Plan , the Trueman Doctrine, and the Berlin Airlift to help lead people to a capitalist form of government.
The history of the Cold War was one of suspense and countermoves by the U.S. and the USSR to prevent the domination of spheres of influence. Although it was not a war in the scientific sense, the clash over ideologies (Marxism and Capitalistic Democracy), placed the balance of power in limbo, and the prospect of an unintentional third World War. Waging Peace by Robert Bowie and Richard Immerman, offers a superb account on the true events behind the development, and implementation of the strategy of containment of the USSR. They presented a most captivating list of facts that were well research, and only now can one fully grasp the extent and involvement of Eisenhower and Dulles, in the decision making.
This article draws together early military implications of a campaign where intensive operations lasted just about a month. The deeper insights will need much more time for the post operations reports to be written, detailed batt...
The alliance formed between the US and USSR during the second world war was not strong enough to overcome the decades of uneasiness which existed between the two ideologically polar opposite countries. With their German enemy defeated, the two emerging nuclear superpowers no longer had any common ground on which to base a political, economical, or any other type of relationship. Tensions ran high as the USSR sought to expand Soviet influence throughout Europe while the US and other Western European nations made their opposition to such actions well known. The Eastern countries already under Soviet rule yearned for their independence, while the Western countries were willing to go to great lengths to limit Soviet expansion. "Containment of 'world revolution' became the watchword of American foreign policy throughout the 1950s a...
By withdrawing its forces from Vietnam in 1973 did the United States admit defeat? This is an argument that historians and observers have been having for years. Before answering that question however, we must first understand if we ever really had a chance to win the war. The circumstances leading up to the war were pretty much out of the United States control with an obligation to our French allies. With threats of communism taking over Vietnam, many felt that our presence was needed to avoid Ho Chi Mihn’s control. With all of the excitement, many important factors were overlooked such as did the United States have enough troops to fight this war, what type of retaliation the Vietnamese would use, and were we ready to fight a sixteen year war? The United States strongly underestimated the power and desire that the North Vietnamese had to gain control and preserve communism.
It is somehow strange for today’s reader to find out that the situation with America’s foreign affairs hasn’t changed much. As some clever people have said, “The History book on the shelf is always repeating itself.” Even after nineteen years, Americans think of themselves as citizens of the strongest nation in the world. Even after the September the 11th. Even after Iraq. And Afghanistan.
The Vietnam War was the longest and most expensive war in American History. The toll we paid wasn't just financial, it cost the people involved greatly, physically and mentally. This war caused great distress and sadness, as well as national confusion. Everyone had that one burning question being why? Why were we even there? The other question being why did America withdrawal from Vietnam. The purpose of this paper is to answer these two burning questions, and perhaps add some clarity to the confusion American was experiencing.
saw a high political cost in the conclusion of the Vietnam War, as the long and weary conflict also brought light onto the distrust of the government and officials. Events such as the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which lead to U.S. troop deployment in Vietnam, the secret invasion of Cambodia, and the tragic Kent State shooting had put America in a crisis of faith and confidence in its own government. To the American people the ones that lead that nation were no longer credible, and this was further confirmed with the resignation of president Nixon along with the Watergate Scandal. Because of these factors, the Vietnam War changed the views of a generation as they became more and more skeptical in their own government in the wake of the Vietnam War. After the war the U.S. and it’s people were wounded and humiliated. Over 50,000 thousand men gave their lives for a pointless cause: to contain the spread of communism. America’s defeat undermined its superiority, confidence, and ultimately its commitment to internationalism; as future leaders would be wary of any involvement in foreign countries, they were afraid of being stuck in another Vietnam. This reluctance to commit overseas was known as the “Vietnam Syndrome”, were leaders would not send troops to foreign land unless it was in national interest or when there is strong public support. Gradually this syndrome would be shrugged off as America regained its status as a superpower and won relatively quick wars such as the Gulf War shaping the nation we know
The assumptions that it was supposed to be short and the responsibility for security could be quickly handed off is one of the reasons why it became a 13-year war. There were overly optimistic forecasts and no significant adjustments in the strategies, which results in no or little progress. There
...ca completely which would indeed change the nation both politically and socially. Finally, the Vietnam War was a rather disappointing one. Embarrassing the government, giving no support to the troops and transforming the education of our nation, it left an ugly mark that would never be fully erased. In conclusion, wars are perhaps the most influential factor in shaping a nation, and WWI, WWII, and Vietnam all had their share in making America what it is today.
If America decided to let Vietnam be rather than intervening and going to war, Vietnamese men and women would not have experienced the tragedies that they experienced and America would not have such a defined division. This war caused many arguments and there were a variety of protests all around the country in which there were a number of arrests and minor injuries. All of this commotion could have been avoided. However, the United States ended up going to war and thus, as Senator Eugene McCarthy pointed out in 1967; Vietnam became a military, political, and moral problem (Handout page 17).
Misperception of the behaviour of other actors within the international context leads to erroneous foreign policy motivations on behalf of the decision-making elite, which in turn result in a foreign policy strategy that may be, at best misguided, at worst—catastrophe. That has been the sad, costly lesson from the Cold War—a global low-intensity conflict caused by a mutual misperception of threat with excessively high risk potential for escalating into a thermonuclear war.