From the end of the American Revolution to 1865, Native Americans would continue to be forced off their lands and be forced to give up their old ways of life and assimilate to American culture. After the American Revolution, rules had to be established for the settlement of the national domain. This domain included the western boundaries of the current states and stretched to the Mississippi River. This region was inhabited by some 100,000 Indians. In the aftermath of the Revolution, Congress decided that, by aiding the British during the war, the Indians had “forfeited the right to their lands.” In addition, “little distinction was made among the tribes that had sided with the enemy, those that had aided the patriots, and those in the interior that had played no part in the war at all.” At peace conferences at Fort Stanwix, Americans demanded and were granted Indian land north of the Ohio River.
The natives, against their will, had to sign these peace treaties and leave their homes. Many tribes tried to go against the law and not relocate, but the United States Army would be sure everyone cooperated. Many wars started because of this including the Sioux War which took place between 1876... ... middle of paper ... ...isease. The Historically, crime in Indian Country has been somewhat ignored by the federal government and incidents are poorly investigated. Gangs and high accounts of rape are common problems on the reservations as well.
Native Americans were forced from their homes in Georgia, the Carolinas, and Florida; then, were forced to walk to present-day Oklahoma to find new homes. The Trail of Tears is the worst American tragedy because the Native Americans were forced to leave their homes, to travel across the country just to find a home, to establish their own civilizations, tribe leaders began to betray their tribes, and many died due to the genocide. First, the Europeans forced the Native Americans from their homes because the Europeans needed a place to live. The Europeans also found gold on the Cherokee land. This resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush.
Up until white settlement, Native Americans in the southeastern United States lived an undisturbed and peaceful life. In the early 1830s, their ancestral land was stripped away from them by foreign colonists rushing to claim land and gold, causing a forced migration of the Native Americans away from their homelands (“Trail of Tears”, n.d.). This traumatic historical event is known as the Trail of Tears, and stands as one of the most deadly and inconsolable acts in American history involving Native Americans. Almost 17,000 Cherokee Indians along with multiple other tribes in the southeastern region were forced to move to a specific territory, far away from their own farms, lands, and homes due to the white settlers and their desire to search
The government, though, created several treaties for them to settle in peace. Eventually the Native Americans population died, mostly because of diseases and fights they interacted with the white settlers. Next is the political document of the Northwest Ordinance and... ... middle of paper ... ... affected by the presence of white settlers, they also affected then, In conclusion, the Native Americans have affected the United States of America even if it may not seem like it. Narrowing the ideas down, this can be concluded: Native Americans and whites had a troublesome relationship and because of that, they formed what America is today. Native Americans had to give up their lands and head out west due to the American government.
The hardships on the “trail of tears” were so great that over 4,000 Cherokees died on their heartbreaking westward journey. In conclusion, the above statement is valid and true. The decision the Jackson administration made to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River was a reformulation of the national policy. Jackson, along with past Presidents George Washington, James Monroe, and Thomas Jefferson, tried to rid the south of Indians This process of removing the native people was continuous as the years went on.
During the 1820’s, as the eastern population grew, southern states urged the federal government to remove Indians from their lands. The government tried to appease the southern states by proposing treaties with the tribes. The Indians felt that the land was rightfully theirs, so they did not agree to these treaties. Since the Indians were not agreeing with the government, President Andrew Jackson approved and signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River.
He was failing to tell them that they really didn’t have much of a choice. Boudinot determined that many of the Cherokee people would leave their land if the true state of their condition was made known to them. They were left with only two real alternatives, one to live under the white man’s law or to be forcibly removed to another country. However some American’s worried about the future of the Native Americans. John Ross’s letter to president Jackson believed it was the white man’s duty to relieve the Indians from their suffering.
... ... middle of paper ... ...s well as 2,500 or more died in the makeshift stockades before the journey, and 13,149 who began the trip, only 11,504 arrived in Indian Territory” (Wheeler 185). “In addition, several hundred died soon after arriving by either violence or disease” (Wheeler 185). The removal of Indians was unjust and very wrongful, they made treaties with whites to protect themselves and their land only to later have it stripped away from them. This caused not only tension between native tribes but even more with natives and whites, this caused a mini civil war between the tribes during the actual Civil War when Native Americans fought on both sides. With this the natives still held strong to their cultures and languages even during the time when the whites began education them to the new ways.
The evidence clearly indicates that the United States government used military force and economic pressures to conduct a policy of genocide towards the Native Americans. For decades, the United States practiced policies of removal to gain valuable land for itself. The policies of removal, assimilation, and concentration caused the deaths of thousands of Natives. The song Indian Reservation by Paul Revere and the Midnight Raiders is a reminder of the Trail of Tears, which killed a ¼ of the Indians that marched. The government removed the Indians from Georgia to benefit the plantation owners in the south, at the expense of the Native people in the area.