The states were balanced, but this compromise was a factor for the civil war because the North was still against the expansion of slavery. Southern citizens also opposed it because it allowed Congress to make laws regarding slavery. These arguments over slavery would still continue even though the states were balanced. Later on, the Kansas- Nebraska act repealed this compromise as it allowed popular sovereignty to decide whether Kansas and Nebraska (both above the 36 30’ line) would be slave or free states. The Dred Scott decision even stated that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional by the Fifth Amendment which prevented Congress from depriving people of their property (slaves) without the due process of law.
This huge debate showed just how slavery divided the nation (Forbes VI). Differences between the views of the North and South led to a deeper divide, which in turn led to the Civil War. Most people knew the consequences of banning slavery, so they kept the Missouri Compromise in place. Overwhelmed with this issue, politicians dealt with the troubling issue carefully because it potentially could separate the Union, and everyone knew the South would not agree to the ban on slavery (Forbes IX). During this time, states entered the Union in pairs-one slave and one free.
Slavery was widespread in the southern economy at the founding of the American colonies. Consequently, the framers of the Constitution wrote the Articles in pro-slavery ways to motivate the southern colonies to ratify the Constitution. In doing so, the framers compromised democracy in the hopes of obtaining greater national security. Thus, the text of the Constitution protected and facilitated slavery in the following ways. The Preamble did not secure for slaves ‘the blessings of liberty to ourselves and to our posterity.’ Neither did the Constitution set a date to end slavery.
The controversy over how slavery would be extended into these new territories as they petitioned to become states were the major political crisis’ that eventually lead to the Civil War. Popular sovereignty participated in building the tension between the north and the south; popular sovereignty was a doctrine that stated that the sovereign people of a territory should themselves determine the status of slavery (Kennedy 378), the new doctrine, the Kansa Nebraska act, undid the Missouri compromise which stated that no states could enter as slave states pass the 36030. With this new act Kansas was allowed to determine, itself if it was going to enter the Union as a free or slave state. Fearing that the balance of power in the senate would be thrown off, if Kansas entered at a free state, southerners started moving into the territory to try and dominate the vote to be for slavery. However, at the same time northern settlers were moving to the territory to try and keep it a free state.
The Missouri Compromise was an effort to preserve the balance of power between pro-slavery states, and anti-slavery states. At the time when Missouri asked to become a new state, there was eleven states that allowed slavery, and eleven states that did not allow slavery (History.com Staff). If Missouri had joined the union, then the balance would have shifted in favor of pro-slavery states. Northerners argued that congress had a right to ban slavery in a new state, while Southern states argued that new states had just as much right to decide if they wanted to allow slavery as the original thirteen colonies did (History.com Staff). The compromise did two things; first, it allowed Maine to enter as a free state, and Missouri to come in with slaves; second, slavery would be prohibited in the Lo... ... middle of paper ... ...y.
As time passed, certain events lead to the decline of slavery. The south recognized this and threatened to secede from the Union, adding to the disconnect between the two. Secession is defined as: to break away from; but for the South it was leverage to either help them attain what they desired or they could leave the union. Admitting free states, disallowing slavery to expand, and President Lincoln’s election were significant factors that lead to the secession of the southern states in 1860 and 1861. The union faced its first obstacle when the decision to admit states arose.
D) Before the secession of the south, the issue of slavery was dividing the Union. Since the institute of slavery was not directly mentioned in the Constitution, both the North and South claimed that the Constitution was in their favor. The North claimed it did not protect the institute of slavery, while the South said that it protected a citizen’s property, which they believed that the slaves were. From the Compromise of 1850 the Utah and New Mexico territories were left up to popular sovereignty to determine if they were slave or free. While the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 made it increasingly more difficult for escaping former slaves to hold on to freedom in the North.
It was clearly not just about “states’ rights.” ... ... middle of paper ... ...al treatment of freed blacks (and Federalist 54). In what is properly dictum, it declared for only the second time that a law - the Missouri Compromise – was unconstitutional. Lincoln recognized the unacceptable implications if this was binding – slaveholders could turn free states into slave states. (Interestingly, if Scott had brought his case earlier, state courts probably would have ruled in his favor.) While Chief Justice Taney may have hoped to settle the issue of slavery, he instead lit a fuse igniting the Civil War, which is part of the history of implementation.
They were now going to take on an even greater task then fighting the British: establishing a system of government that would be fair and that would be accepted throughout all of America. One thing the founding fathers knew they had to do was establish a document that would unite the states under one system of laws, so they would be a single country. The Articles of Confederation were too weak and could not meet the demands the country as whole needed, so they drafted a new constitution. This new constitution was a brilliant document that expressed how there is no true sovereign power because the power ultimately lies in the people. This document, created in the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, was to become the foundation for our country and is still the chief document that the America of today follows.
Different views on slavery between the states caused the appearance of the fugitive slave clause. The fugitive slave clause was protecting the slave owners from loosing their labor force if the slave would escaped to the Norther states. The The federal Government had no right to intrude in the state’s slave policy. The final version of the document was signed in September 17, 1787. It gave the United States more directions for economic development by coning the money, establishing bankruptcy rules, property rights and