A revolution is defined as being a generally violent attempt by many people to end one rule of governing, and to create their own (Websters Dictionary). The founding of our own independent country is based on such a notion, with our forefathers fighting to gain their freedom from the oppressive rule of Colonial England. With rampant fears of tyranny from a country deemed a super power, the American people were divided in their views of creating their own government, making the definition of a revolution all the more difficult. The years 1775 to 1785 in American history were enormously fundamental to the founding of the United States. From the famous Battles of Lexington and Concord which started the war with England, to the drafting of our own Declaration of Independence from which the United States of America was born, the victorious battles fought against the Redcoats, and to the Treaty of Paris. The American Revolution shaped our country to what we know it as today, and without such a Revolution, our history and present would be vastly different.
Throughout American history, there have been a number of events seen as critical to the future of our nation. The expansion of slavery and the election of President Lincoln (1809-1865), for example, helped to set the stage for our nation’s greatest conflict: the Civil War. When looking at the colonial period, there is a number of precipitating events to consider with regards to the American Revolution; legislations passed by Parliament, growing opposition to the English monarchy, and threats to colonial self-government are just a few. None, however, is as important as the French and Indian War. This demonstrated that Americans were fundamentally different from the British, that they had their own society and culture, and that they could exist wholly independently from the crown. Further, the aftermath of the war demonstrated the disregard the monarchy had for the colonists; despite their willingness to fight and die in the name of the crown, the King and Parliament alike only further restricted their territorial and economic advancement. This conflict was one of the greatest causal factors for the American Revolution, and understanding the various impacts it had is critical to understanding the revolutionary period as a whole.
The American Revolution was undeniably an inevitable event in history given the rising tension between England and their American colonies over the question of who was to govern and make laws for the colonies. While the Revolution was obviously a war among Patriots and Loyalists, there were also many other groups of people that were directly involved and affected by the war including women, Native Americans and African Americans. Women aided the war effort and in doing so gained a mild degree of independence, but not nearly as much as they had hoped for. The Native Americans entered the war on both the sides of the Patriots and Loyalists, but their efforts proved unsuccessful as they were deprived of their land, terrorized and taken as slaves by the Patriots. African Americans were already in a rather unfortunate position going into the war and hoped that their support of the patriots would lead to freedom and liberty, but instead the end of the war only brought the confirmation that their struggle was to prevail in a new America.
The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which the thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, later combining to become the United States of America. They first rejected the authority of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them from overseas without representation, and then expelled all royal officials. By 1774 each colony had established a Provincial Congress, or an equivalent governmental institution, to form individual self-governing states. The British responded by sending combat troops to re-impose direct rule. Through representatives sent in 1775 to the Second Continental Congress, the new states joined together at first to defend their respective self-governance and manage the armed conflict against the British. Soon after there was a war and a revolution.
The French Revolution lasted for 11 years and was a battle for change. Leadership went from a weak monarchy, to a bloody dictator, back to a monarch. Because France was in three estates, there was a non-taxed land owning clergy, a supposed-to-be taxed land owning nobility, and full-taxed land owning commoners. Many commoners were worked to the point of death, arrested on the king’s whims, and starving to feed the other estates. As leadership changed King Louis XVI lost his power to Robespierre, and then a series of leaders, to the impacting Napoleon Bonaparte. When the Revolution was beginning the French monarchy was having financial difficulties, guiding France into many crises that are “to early to tell””(Zhou Enlai) if they will ever be finished..
The British made the war for American independence inevitable; they imposed new policies that made colonists desire independence even more. Tax polices, republicanism, as well as, the spreading of revolutionary ideas all took part of strengthening the colonials’ rebellion against British rule. After Great Britain put in effect polices to oppress the colonists, they could do nothing but watch the revolution against them unfold.
A free society is deemed as a civil government with a well-executed political and social structure. The idea of a free society is that all aspects of political and social order in a working government are in tack without any problems. The entrance of any resistance can cause a significant problem in the entire free society. These problems of civil disobedience in American history have seen long-lasting outcomes with negative effects. The peaceful resistance to American laws seen through the boycotting of British goods from 1764-1775 and the current pride parades in response the pro-LGBTQ laws demonstrates a negative impact on a free society.
After the American Revolution, Americans began to reexamine politics, the economy, and society. After breaking away from a “crooked” and “wicked” government, Americans altered their ideas on how they wanted to govern their new nation although they eventually degenerated to a more centralized government comparable to Britain. The uneducated masses, as viewed by the elite, didn’t experience a lot of change though the ideals from the revolution still guided some to seek better financial opportunities. Women, slaves, and loyalist experienced a considerable amount of change in society as women experienced more freedoms, some slaves were set free, and loyalist left America. Generally, America did not undergo an increased amount of economic change,
No because the colonies were trying to claim their independence from Great Britain since Great Britain have established colonies in the Americas, they traded with Great Britain and was governed by them but as timed moved on Great Britain wanted to control the expansion into other territories such as the western ones. American colonist had to pay to lodge British soldier that were stationed in America which raised taxes for the Americans for soldiers who needed money to pay for war debts, Americans thought this was unnecessary and saw no need for soldiers to be stationed in American colonies, this lead the king of Great Britain to tax the colonist which included the Stamp Act that passed in 1765 and the Townsend act passed two years after. This
What significant outcomes of the American Revolution help shape our ideas or principles of government?
You’re in Paris, and it’s the late 1700’s. Looking over your shoulder, you see the Seine river, its current bouncing with the cool breeze. Commoners around you are shouting for the surrender of the Bastille, a Paris prison. What brought us here? you ask. Ideas of the Enlightenment, lack of representation for the third estate, and discontentment area all the main culprits of the French Revolution. But why?
The American Revolutionary War was the result of the harsh treatment and unfair actions that were taken by England to the colonies gaining from the debt they undertook from the war. The English colonies at first thought of themselves as British subjects and so colonial leaders tried to negotiate with England to get direct representation in the English Parliament. Although there were advocates for the American cause in Parliament, the hardliners prevailed. In 1765, Parliament passed the "Quartering Act," which meant sending British troops to the colonies to force the various new taxes being imposed. This unfortunately led to the Boston Massacre incident. After this incident there was no more negotiating and on July 4, 1776, a formal Declaration of Independence was issued. Thus, bringing forth what we know today as the
The American Revolutionary War was a struggle for freedom for the colonists. Patriots felt they should be free to govern themselves. Great Britain was not allowing the colonists to make a compromise with them. As Great Britain continued to take advantage of the colonists, such as the Quartering Act which, “required colonists to pay for the housing of British soldiers”, tensions were increased by the British policies. Many of the acts, such as the Quartering Act, helped unite the Patriots to fight against the British. Patriots from all around rebelled in order to show their frustration and anger about the things that the colonists were told they could or could not do. This reasoning suggests that the American Revolutionary War was unavoidable.
1. Given what you already knew about the era of the American Revolution, what specifically did you find surprising or unexpected in this chapter? (In other words, what did you learn the most from the chapter?)