They were also bitter about the Colonists trading goods with enemies of the British. Because of this the British increased authority over the colonies after the war. The British began to tax the colonists to meet England’s financial needs. England passed many Acts that were ill conceived and had long-term effects on the relationship between England and the colonies. The crown had never directly taxed the colonists before.
Ordinary people had always been taxed lightly in America, but they did not want their money to be used to support the British. The first major tax imposed on the colonist was the Sugar Act of 1764. This act increases the duties on imported sugar and other items such as textiles, coffee, wines, and indigo. One of the other taxes levied was the Stamp Act. The act required that revenue stamps be put on all legal documents, deeds, newspapers, pamphlets, dice, and playing cards.
The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to raise revenue to pay a share of the empire's defense costs. The Stamp Act required the colonists to use specially stamped paper for all official documents, newspapers, and pamphlets. It provoked almost unanimous opposition among the colonists, who regarded it as a violation of the right of English subjects not to be taxed without representation. Riots broke out in colonial cities, and American merchants pledged not to buy British goods. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in March 1766, yielding to the demands of economically depressed British merchants.
The cause of the Boston Tea Party was Great Britain sending tea to America and selling it there. The East India company had millions of pounds of tea still being held in their warehouses in Britain, they were trying to unload the teas quickly so they shipped millions of pounds of tea to the Boston Harbor. With the establishment of the Tea Act of 1773, all the tea that arrived were considered to be tax free, they were then sold in the colonies, which undercut the prices charged by the colonists. This was considered an example of them trying to resolve conflict with the colonists and allowing them tax them without their consent. The colonists were fed up with it, and a few of them were able to sneak on the arriving ships and dumped hundreds of pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor to show their oppression (190-191).
After being under British control the people of the 13 colonies of America became frustrated with the taxes Britain forced and thought it was unfair for them to have to pay tax on products they produced themselves such as tea and stamps. That was just the beginning of the colonist’s problems. After the original taxing in 1764 the British passed the Quartering act that made colonist house British troops in the northern part of what was to be America. This outraged the colonists even more. Then they passed the Townshend accts which placed tax on imports to the U.S and then the Coercive acts after the Boston tea party happened, which enraged the British.
Not being able to trade with any outside sources other than Great Britain limited the colonists on their amount of imports and exports, which severely damaged the economy. The New England Restraining Act had a great impact on starting the American Revolutionary War. One reason the New England Restraining Act was created was because of the Tea Act in 1773. “The Tea Act of 1773 brought things to a head with a small tax placed on imported tea” (The New England Restraining Act is made law 1). The New England colonies had fought against these taxes because they believed it wasn’t fair.
Splash! “…Patriots disguised as Native Americans threw 342 chests of tea overboard from three British ships” (Hart 71). This event, which the colonists enjoyed but angered the British, was later referred to as the Boston Tea Party. This started off when the East India Company had a superfluous supply of tea that nobody was buying. As a result, they lowered the price of the tea and sent it to America for the colonists to buy.
One of the significant acts imposed by Great Britain was the Townshend Acts. This particular act placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, and most importantly, tea. Tea was the most popular drink in the Colonies. A tax on tea angered many of the Colonists. The Colonists were constantly rebelling through boycotts and smuggling materials into the Colonies.
The relationship between Britain and her Americans colonies slowly deteriorated between the 1750s and the beginning of the American Revolution. When the first British immigrants settled in America, the relationship of the colonies and their mother country was somewhat peaceful. In the following generations, however, their relationship became tenser as Britain imposed policies and taxes on unrepresented American colonists. The British believed they were right in doing so because they had large debts to pay from ongoing wars with France. These taxes caused uprisings among colonists which contributed to British occupation in America, leading to more rebellions.
The Sugar Act of 1764 was an example of a tax that had many effects on the Colonial lifestyle. The act stated that any foreign export of lumber or skin had to first land in Britain. It also raised the price of sugar from the Indies. The British took advantage of the colonists, when the Quartering Act in 1765 passed Americans were forced to house and feed British soldiers any time they demanded. This limited the colonists’ freedom and only spread more anger throughout the colonies.