In order to acquire new territories, the United States implemented methods of expansionism and later imperialism in the first and second phases, respectively, of its expansion. These two means of self-establishment had several striking similarities between them. Through expansionism in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the main logic behind annexation was for the country to grow and establish itself within its continent. Of course, the desire for increased political power in new states led to conflicts such as Bleed... ... middle of paper ... ...eign they may be to American values. On paper, it was now lawful for the United States to forcefully implement American traditions upon newly annexed foreign citizens under the reasoning that their lives would be bettered by such imperialistic control over their own customs.
The United States of America had begun its political life as a colony of the British Empire. However, as the 20th century dawned, the nation quickly found itself as one of the world’s leading imperial powers. Historians have proposed various reasons for this change in the American psyche. Historians from the progressive school of thought argue that economic interests dictated American foreign policy; while academics of the Conservative or older patriotic tradition advocate that the nation's brief foray into imperialism represented a “great aberration” from typical American isolationism. A third school led by Julius Pratt, applied Social Darwinism to the country – stating that a combination of religious and humanitarian components motivated expansionism.
There were many causes that led to the American Revolution, some include economic situations, discontent with autocratic rule, and political changes in the British colonies. A major factor in the start of the revolution was the French and Indian War (1754 - 1763) changed the bond between the colonies and Britain, because of the colonists' identities. Thomas Paine (an American colonist born in Britain) published a Political Pamphlet in 1776, which supported the colonist into open rebellion. The excerpt, "Common Sense," Paine emphasized the case for the revolution in straightforward language, where it became clear and direct to understand the meaning of the excerpt. The excerpt itself influenced colonists to take actions for their tolerance from the British and gave them the strength they needed to become unified.
People came to America in search of freedom and independence, so America developed a political system founded on these ideals instead of wealth and power. And although their government was strong, it was not until around the 1830s that the American government began to become powerful and showed ... ... middle of paper ... ...h Language in America," Annals of American History. Ed. A Diary in America, London, 1839, Vol. II, pp.
In T. H. Breen's work, The Marketplace of Revolution, he offers an explanation for the sudden creation of a unique American identity. In his words, "What gave the American Revolution distinctive shape was an earlier transformation of the Anglo-American consumer marketplace" (p. xv). Breen contends that before Americans could unite to resist the British Empire, they needed to first develop a unity and trust with one another in spite of their regional differences. "The Marketplace of Revolution argues, therefore, that the colonists shared experience as consumers provided them with the cultural resources needed to develop a bold new form of political protest" (p. xv). The transformation of the consumer marketplace allowed the colonists of British North America to create a unique British and the American identity that would later result in revolution and the formation of a new nation.
The start of the American Revolution, described by Edmund Morgan as, “the shot heard around the world,” was the “Americans’ search for principles” (Bender 63). Although the world’s colonies did not necessarily seek independence much like the Americans, the world’s colonies were nonetheless tired of the “administrative tyranny” being carried out by their colonizers (Bender 75). The American Revolution set a new standard in the colonies, proclaiming that the “rights of Englishmen” should and must be the “rights of man,” which established a new set foundation for the universal rights of man (Bender 63). This revolution spread new ideas of democracy for the colonized world, reshaping people’s expectations on how they should be governed. Bender emphasizes America as challenging “the old, imperial social forms and cultural values” and embracing modern individualism” (Bender 74).
The American Revolution marked the divorce of the British Empire and its one of the most valued colonies. Behind the independence that America had fought so hard for, there emerged a diverging society that was eager to embrace new doctrines. The ideals in the revolution that motivated the people to fight for freedom continued to influence American society well beyond the colonial period. For example, the ideas borrowed from John Locke about the natural rights of man was extended in an unsuccessful effort to include women and slaves. The creation of state governments and the search for a national government were the first steps that Americans took to experiment with their own system.
Although the U.S hoped for logical foreign policy, they seemed to abuse their economical power at the same time, by looking out for the "growing production of the country" (Doc C) and it's promotions that "enables a country to extend its influences outward" ( Doc C). The a... ... middle of paper ... ...her hand, as the immigrants began to enter the American work force, Roosevelt used his "Square Deal" to declare that he would use his powers as a president to safeguard the rights of the workers. Within America and throughout foreign countries, the efforts of expansion by the United States proceeded to continue their old goal of maintaining Manifest Destiny and expanding their economic power globally. Yet, they began to form a new course of expansion which leads to the support of world wide stability and order. Their way of thinking for achieving this was not obtained by believing to become a world superpower, yet brought upon the United States by the foreign masses of underdeveloped countries, which relied on them for political, economical, and social stability in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
The first step that the U... ... middle of paper ... ...he inconsistency of liberating Cuba and annexing the Philippines. They insisted that annexation would violate America’s long-standing commitment to freedom (Document D). The Era of Imperialism during the late ninetieth-century and the early twentieth-century was fed by the belief that America was destined by God to be a dominate power in the world. To accomplish this, the nation had to evolve new economic, social and military policies, thus departing from the earlier expansionism idea that believed in only expanding the American way of life across the continent, from the Atlantic to Pacific oceans. Different concepts of expanding the nation, led to new justification, powers and territories.
Print. Turner, Frederick Jackson. "The Significance of the Frontier in American History." The Frontier in American History. New York: H. Holt and, 1920.