American History and World War II

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On December 7, 1941, with Japanese attack on Perl Harbor, all debate over avoiding war and the policy of American isolationism was gone. It was the beginning of a great war that brought death, devastation and finally the victory and power to United States. At the time of Roosevelt’s appointment in 1933, historically crucial events were taking place in Japan, Italy and Germany which had to shape the future and the fate of United States. This paper studies and analyses the major factors which contributed to American success both at home and abroad during WWII in addition to world’s view about American participation in war and bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Despite his internationalist nature and the idea of League of Nations, Franklin Roosevelt paid little attention to foreign relations. Great Depression and domestic policies kept him from supporting League of Nations and World Court, even after German and Japanese withdrawal from League in 1930 couldn’t take him beyond taking expected measures. In addition to adopting a good neighbor policy, Roosevelt continued to work on strong economic foundations. Despite significant disturbance in world, Roosevelt maintained neutrality legislation to stay impartial and isolated. However, German invasion of Poland in 1939 made Americans threatened by the isolationist approach. France and Britain’s declaration of war against Germany made the isolationist idea completely obsolete. U.S provided unlimited support to Britain and later to Soviet Union in order to avoid war but an undeclared war began when a German U-boat sunk U.S. freighter in Atlantic Ocean. United States resisted Japanese expansionist plan throughout 1930s, invasion and takeover of Manchuria in 1931 and invasion of China in ... ... middle of paper ... ...rise of the Soviet Union as America’s cold war enemy and pragmatic American criticism of the moral challenge posed by atomic weaponry. The Soviet Union associated unusual characteristics with vanished American innocence in the atomic age. The bomb, therefore, became America’s greatest defense against the international communism spread. Those who criticized and disputed the righteousness of America’s atomic dream were dealt aggressively because the nation’s security was assumed to be dependent on atomic weapons in future. Work Cited Henriksen, Margot, A.Dr. Strangelove’s America. California, Barkley, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1997. Roark,James,L.,Johnson,Michael,P.Cohen,Patricia,C.,Stage,Sarah,Lawson,Alan and Hartmann, Susan, M., “The United States and the second world war, 1939-1945,”in The American Promise. Bedford: St Martin, 2008.

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