2 Daniel Roland Fusfield, p. 167. 3 Arthur Meier Schlesinger, The Age of Roosevelt, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957) p. 43. 4 Arnold A. Offner, America and the Origins of World War II, 1933-1941, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1971) pp. 98-176. 5 Robert H. Ferrell, America as a World Power, 1872-1945, (New York: Harper & Row Publishers Inc., 1971), p. 265.
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The U.S. Navy, though, was still experiencing the growing pains of the Civil War and extended periods of peace. There was little motivation to establish a navy as the country was not at war and did not want to provoke one (Palmer). The Spanish- American War grew out of America’s desire for Spain’s land. Many of the causes of the Spanish-American War can be attributed to the imperialist ideas circulating as the desire for Cuba and the Philippines came out of the need for new trading posts and to grow as a world power (Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War). The effects of the war would shape foreign policy and the geography of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ca had already achieved international credit through the Declaration of Independence, expansion helped to prove America’s ability to be daring in its foreign policy and, as seen in World War I, a worthy competition to other world powers.
In 1898, in an effort to free Cuba from the oppression of its Spanish colonizers, America captured the Philippines. This brought about questions of what America should do with the Philippines. Soon, controversy ensued both in the American political arena as well as among its citizens. Throughout its history, America had always been expansionistic, but it had always limited itself to the North American continent. Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, however, there emerged a drive to expand outside of the continent.
Steve Englund, Napoleon: A Political Life (Macmillan Library Reference USA, 2004), 270. Joseph Sinclair, Arteries of War: A History of Military Transportation (Shrewsbury, 1992), 5. Geoffrey Parker, Warfare (Cambridge illustrated history: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 199. D.G. Chandler, On The Napoleonic Wars (London, 1966), 156.