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American Communist Containment Policy 1945-1953

Powerful Essays
Containment Policy 1945-1953

America used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence between

1945-1953. Methods such as Propaganda and flexing of muscle became

essential as America justified its policies and actions as part of the

struggle to save Capitalist Ideology from the Communist oppressors.

Ideology was the main source of conflict between the USA and USSR.

This difference in ideology led inevitably to distrust between the two

superpowers. The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which

discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system;

the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of

industry. Thus, the divergent economic structures of the superpowers

painted different perspectives, which inevitably sowed the seeds for

further conflict between the USA and USSR.

The conferences between the USA and USSR up until 1945 showed the

various disagreements between the USA and USSR. These conferences were

held in Tehran in December 1945, Yalta in February 1945 and Potsdam in

July 1945. The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the

future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist

continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism

and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again.

While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for

millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he

actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic

misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as

well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged

in a world-wide con...

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...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to

join NATO. In 1955 it became a member of NATO and the following year

East Germny joined the Warsaw Pact. USA armed West Germany with 400

000 soldiers as a barrier against the USSR. Thus, the wars and methods

of containing Soviet influence always reverted back on the focus of

Germany.

America had used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence.

These methods did not prove successful as each attempt to umbrella

nations from Communism backfired. The Marshall Plan and the defense of

South Korea were counter-reacted with the Molotov Plan and the

tightening of the Soviet 'Buffer Zone'. Thus, America's containment

policies only hindered the implementation of the true ideas

'containment', which concluded with the strengthening of Soviet

influence around Europe and the world.