It seems that from the moment colonists began to settle in America they stopped viewing themselves as English. The distance alone required them to start their own government, though officially they were under the rule of England. Their lifestyles separated them even further with religious views and values causing major differences in culture. Though the colonists attempted to be involved in the English government the English did not see a plausible way or reason to do so. When the Stamp Act of 1765, which taxed all paper goods in the colonies, was implemented it was obvious Parliament was blind to the colonists’ perspective. Colonies did not believe they should be taxed without fair representation in Parliament and therefore boycotts and protests made the Stamp Act unsuccessful. Parliament’s response to this refusal would set the tone for American history. …show more content…
These Acts were shortly followed by the Townshend Acts of 1767, which attempted to tax the colonists through customs. British customs agents were stationed in Boston to enforce the Acts. Through these actions the British only aggravated the colonists. It had become obvious that Parliament was completely ignorant of the issues surrounding the colonies. It was not that the taxes were too difficult to enforce, it was that the colonists refused to participate in taxation from a government that they were not involved in. In 1768 Samuel Adams and James Otis Jr responded with the Circular Letter which outlined James Otis Jr’s belief in unwritten rights of human law and fair representation in Parliament. The letter circulated amongst the colonies and bonded the states into a mindset of opposition. This opposition led to the Liberty Riot of the same year, in which James Hancock’s ship, which had been taken by customs agents, was freed by an angry
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After the Seven Years Way England was broke for she had spent more money needed to win the war. Also winning the war gave the colonist a “we can do it spirit”. However because England now was facing debt she decided to tax the colonies. One the first acts passed was the sugar act passed in 1764. This Act was the raise revenue in American colonies. What it did was lowered the tax from six penses to three penses per gallon on foreign molasses. Molasses is a product made by refining sugarcane, grapes or sugar beets into sugar. This upset the colonist because before the sugar act they didn’t have to pay the tax so even if it was lowered that meant nothing for they now had to pay for it. A year later, in 1765, the Britain’s passed another act known as the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act put a tax on stamped paper, publications, playing cards, etc. Because it was on all paper products in a way it affected everyone; from the papers for the upper class such as lawyers, publications such as newspapers for the middle class, and playing cards for the lower class for entertainment. Next, the Townshend Act passed by Charles Townshend. This came in 1767, which imposed taxes on colonial tea, lead, paint, paper, and glass which just like the Stamp Act affected all of the classes in the colonist in the Americas. Though this act was removed three years later in 1770, it still left colonists with a warning that conditions may become worse. Around 1773, parliament passed the Intolerable Acts one of those acts which affected taxation was the Bost...
In the 17th century, the British colonies still identified themselves as European, but as the colonies expanded and grew more populous, they developed differing geographic, social, and economic systems. This difference between New England, and Chesapeake, is caused by the motivations for settlement between the two regions. While the New England colonies were mainly settled for religious motivations, most notably by the Puritans, the Chesapeake colonies were settled for economic prosperity. Also, while the Chesapeake colonies were mainly settled by individual young men seeking a profit, the New England colonies were settled by families hoping to settle and expand.
The Stamp Act was passed in 1765, and placed a tax on any papered goods that were going into the colonies from Britain. This included newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards, just to name a few (Stamp Act).The colonists had been so accustomed to their freedom from the crown at this point, that they were enraged. The relationship between the Mother country and the colonies did not get much better with the instatement of the Townshend Acts of 1767. These acts passed taxes on every day goods that the colonists needed, such as lead, tea, glass and paint(Townshend Acts).
When all things are considered, one can see the colonies didn't always agree with the way England handled things, in the area of religion, economics, politics, and social structure. Through their determination to obtain a better life for themselves, they ventured away from England and created their own nation over time.
The first time a Parliamentary imposed tax threatened the livelihood of the colonies was in 1733 with the Molasses Act, stemmed from the loss of profit for the British West Indies under the Navigation Act. However, this act was avoidable and rarely paid. Following the long and harrowing French and Indian War, Britain was deep in debt and George Grenville was appointed British Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was determined to pay off the debt by taxing the colonies. He not only reinforced the ignored Navigation Acts, but he placed the new Sugar Act which was similar to the Molasses Act which put a tax on rum and molasses imported from West Indies, but this Act would be enforced. Needless to say, the colonists were not used to this intrusion of Parliament and felt that it was wrong because there were no members in Parliament to represent the colonies. They felt it was a direct violation of their civil liberties and resentment was beginning to spawn. Next was the Currency Act which disregarded the colonies paper money, forcing the colonist to pay in only silver and sending their economy into chaos. A year later, Grenville imposed the Quartering Act which forced the colonists to house and accommodate the British military stationed in their area. It was a slap in the face to have to pay for those who stood for everything the colonists despised. Perhaps the most important and controversial acts were the Stamps Acts that placed a tax on legal documents, almanacs, newspaper, pamphlets, playing cards and dice.
Defense of the American colonies in the French and Indian War in the years 1754 -1763 and Pontiac's Rebellion in 1763-64 were unbearable to Great Britain. As a means of financing the activities, Prime Minister George Grenville hoped to recover some of these costs by taxing the colonists. The move came known as the Stamp Act of 1965 to be active from November 1956 though passed and enacted on 1964. The act came in place 11 years before America’s independence something that triggered American revolutionary action to oppose tax without representation. The act was passed by Britain parliament and it was to affect all Britain colonies. The essay will give insight of the degree of oppression of the Act to colonies, the radical responses, and American Revolutionary acts that are implicit against the Stamp Act.
The Stamp Act of 1765 was the beginning of the revolution for the colonies of North America. When the Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament, it required American colonists to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. This included ship’s papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, and even playing cards. However, in the past, taxes and duties on colonial trade had always been viewed as measure to regulate commerce but not to raise money. Therefore, England viewed this taxes as a direct attempt to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislatures. Due to this effects, the Stamp Act provoked such a violent reaction in the colonies, because it was seen as a threat to the colonist’s liberties and rights, as well as affecting multiple members of the society.
When settlers from England came to America, they envisioned a Utopia, where they would have a say in what the government can and cannot do. Before they could live in such a society they would have to take many small steps to break the hold England had on them. The settlers of America had to end a monarchy and start their own, unique, form of government. They also had to find a way that they would have some kind of decision making power. The most important change that the colonies in America had to make was to become a society quite different from that in England.
The passage of the Stamp Act in 1765 and the colonial reaction to that act marked the turning point in Parliament's approach to taxation and in the colonists' relationship to their mother country. Prior to the Stamp Act the colonial assemblies levied taxes for the support of the colonial governmen...
The Stamp Act was a tax passed by Parliament on all printed documents used by the American colonists. The Stamp Act Crisis of 1765-1766 was the first event that sprouted revolutionary thinking in the colonists. Tired of being wrongfully taxed by Parliament the “American Patriots sprang into action” to prevent the tax from being enforced. “In May , Patrick Henry persuaded the Virginia legislature to pass resolutions demanding the act’s repeal.” There were a total of five resolves, each were passed during the meeting of the Virginia House of Burgesses on May 30th because the more conservative leaders had been absent. The fifth resolve stated that only the General Assembly of the Virginia Colony should have the power to levy and collect taxes over its people, it was originally passed but upon return of the other leaders it was retracted.
Leading up to the time of the Revolutionary War, seven policies were passed by Britain in hopes of controlling the colonies. These acts culminated in the Quebec Act which persuaded many Americans into supporting the revolutionary effort. The Proclamation of 1763 was the first policy passed by the British. This forbid any settlement west of Appalachia because the British feared conflicts over territory in this region. The proclamation, however, infuriated the colonists who planned on expanding westward. The Sugar Act was passed shortly after in 1764. This act sought harsher punishment for smugglers. The next act to be passed was possibly the most controversial act passed by Britain. The Stamp Act passed in 1765 affected every colonist because it required all printed documents to have a stamp purchased from the British authority. The colonist boycotted British goods until the Stamp Act was repealed but quickly replaced by the Declaratory Act in 1766. The British still held onto the conviction that they had the right to tax the Americans in any way they deemed necessary. The Declaratory Act was followed by the Townshend Acts of 1767. This imposed taxes on all imported goods from Britain, which caused the colonies to refuse trading with Britain. Six years passed before another upsetting act was passed. In 1773, the Tea Act placed taxes on tea, threatening the power of the colonies. The colonies, however, fought back by pouring expensive tea into the Boston harbor in an event now known as the Boston Tea Party. The enraged Parliament quickly passed the Intolerable Acts, shutting down the port of Boston and taking control over the colonies.
Boston Massachusetts was hurt the most by the new taxes since most of the ships would dock there. Since a boycott worked before in the use of the stamp tax the colonies went forward with the boycott and in 1768 England had still not caved to their behavior. Samuel Adams, a sons of liberty member, drew up a circulatory letter for all of the colonies to voice their opinion through. On behalf of the Massachusetts legislature “… [It] asserted that parliament had no right to tax Americans, as they were not [being] represented by that legislative body” (Norris). No one signed it, but the word of the existence of this letter got to England and they demanded that no one sign this letter or there would be trouble. Massachusetts legislature then voted 92 to 17 to sign the letter
The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years’ War and looking to its North American colonies as a source of revenue. Arguing that only their own representative councils could tax them, the North American colonies demanded that the act was unconstitutional, and they resorted to violence to force stamp collectors into resigning. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766, but issued a Declaratory Act at the same time to reaffirm its authority to pass any colonial legislation it saw as necessary. The issues of taxation and representation